Career Search Results

The following provides a list of careers, ordered by relevance to your search criteria. Click on any of the listed careers for detailed information:


  • Accountants

    Analyze financial information and prepare financial reports to determine or maintain record of assets, liabilities, profit and loss, tax liability, or other financial activities within an organization.

  • Accountants and Auditors

    Examine, analyze, and interpret accounting records for the purpose of giving advice or preparing statements. Install or advise on systems of recording costs or other financial and budgetary data.

  • Actors

    Play parts in stage, television, radio, video, or motion picture productions for entertainment, information, or instruction. Interpret serious or comic role by speech, gesture, and body movement to entertain or inform audience. May dance and sing.

  • Actuaries

    Analyze statistical data, such as mortality, accident, sickness, disability, and retirement rates and construct probability tables to forecast risk and liability for payment of future benefits. May ascertain premium rates required and cash reserves necessary to ensure payment of future benefits.

  • Acupuncturists

    Provide treatment of symptoms and disorders using needles and small electrical currents. May provide massage treatment. May also provide preventive treatments.

  • Acute Care Nurses

    Provide advanced nursing care for patients with acute conditions such as heart attacks, respiratory distress syndrome, or shock. May care for pre- and post-operative patients or perform advanced, invasive diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.

  • Adaptive Physical Education Specialists

    Provide individualized physical education instruction or services to children, youth or adults with exceptional physical needs, due to gross motor developmental delays or other impairments.

  • Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers

    Conduct hearings to decide or recommend decisions on claims concerning government programs or other government-related matters and prepare decisions. Determine penalties or the existence and the amount of liability, or recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims, or compromise settlements.

  • Administrative Services Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate supportive services of an organization, such as recordkeeping, mail distribution, telephone operator/receptionist, and other office support services. May oversee facilities planning and maintenance and custodial operations.

  • Adult Literacy, Remedial Education, and GED Teachers and Instructors

    Teach or instruct out-of-school youths and adults in remedial education classes, preparatory classes for the General Educational Development test, literacy, or English as a Second Language. Teaching may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution.

  • Advanced Practice Psychiatric Nurses

    Provide advanced nursing care for patients with psychiatric disorders. May provide psychotherapy under the direction of a psychiatrist.

  • Advertising and Promotions Managers

    Plan and direct advertising policies and programs or produce collateral materials, such as posters, contests, coupons, or give-aways, to create extra interest in the purchase of a product or service for a department, an entire organization, or on an account basis.

  • Advertising Sales Agents

    Sell or solicit advertising, including graphic art, advertising space in publications, custom made signs, or TV and radio advertising time. May obtain leases for outdoor advertising sites or persuade retailer to use sales promotion display items.

  • Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians

    Operate, install, calibrate, and maintain integrated computer/communications systems consoles, simulators, and other data acquisition, test, and measurement instruments and equipment to launch, track, position, and evaluate air and space vehicles. May record and interpret test data.

  • Aerospace Engineers

    Perform a variety of engineering work in designing, constructing, and testing aircraft, missiles, and spacecraft. May conduct basic and applied research to evaluate adaptability of materials and equipment to aircraft design and manufacture. May recommend improvements in testing equipment and techniques.

  • Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes

    Represent and promote artists, performers, and athletes to prospective employers. May handle contract negotiation and other business matters for clients.

  • Agricultural and Food Science Technicians

    Work with agricultural scientists in food, fiber, and animal research, production, and processing; assist with animal breeding and nutrition work; under supervision, conduct tests and experiments to improve yield and quality of crops or to increase the resistance of plants and animals to disease or insects. Includes technicians who assist food scientists or food technologists in the research, development, production technology, quality control, packaging, processing, and use of foods.

  • Agricultural Engineers

    Apply knowledge of engineering technology and biological science to agricultural problems concerned with power and machinery, electrification, structures, soil and water conservation, and processing of agricultural products.

  • Agricultural Equipment Operators

    Drive and control farm equipment to till soil and to plant, cultivate, and harvest crops. May perform tasks, such as crop baling or hay bucking. May operate stationary equipment to perform post-harvest tasks, such as husking, shelling, threshing, and ginning.

  • Agricultural Inspectors

    Inspect agricultural commodities, processing equipment, and facilities, and fish and logging operations, to ensure compliance with regulations and laws governing health, quality, and safety.

  • Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in the agricultural sciences. Includes teachers of agronomy, dairy sciences, fisheries management, horticultural sciences, poultry sciences, range management, and agricultural soil conservation.

  • Agricultural Technicians

    Set up and maintain laboratory equipment and collect samples from crops or animals. Prepare specimens and record data to assist scientist in biology or related science experiments.

  • Agricultural Workers, All Other

    All agricultural workers not listed separately.

  • Air Crew Members

    Perform in-flight duties to ensure the successful completion of combat, reconnaissance, transport, and search and rescue missions. Duties include operating aircraft communications and detection equipment, including establishing satellite linkages and jamming enemy communications capabilities; conducting pre-flight, in-flight, and post-flight inspections of onboard equipment; operating and maintaining aircraft weapons and defensive systems; operating and maintaining aircraft in-flight refueling systems; executing aircraft safety and emergency procedures; computing and verifying passenger, cargo, fuel, and emergency and special equipment weight and balance data; and conducting cargo and personnel drops.

  • Air Crew Officers

    Perform and direct in-flight duties to ensure the successful completion of combat, reconnaissance, transport, and search and rescue missions. Duties include operating aircraft communications and radar equipment, such as establishing satellite linkages and jamming enemy communications capabilities operating aircraft weapons and defensive systems; conducting pre-flight, in-flight, and post-flight inspections of onboard equipment; and directing cargo and personnel drops.

  • Air Traffic Controllers

    Control air traffic on and within vicinity of airport and movement of air traffic between altitude sectors and control centers according to established procedures and policies. Authorize, regulate, and control commercial airline flights according to government or company regulations to expedite and ensure flight safety.

  • Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors

    Direct ground crew in the loading, unloading, securing, and staging of aircraft cargo or baggage. Determine the quantity and orientation of cargo and compute aircraft center of gravity. May accompany aircraft as member of flight crew and monitor and handle cargo in flight, and assist and brief passengers on safety and emergency procedures.

  • Aircraft Launch and Recovery Officers

    Plan and direct the operation and maintenance of catapults, arresting gear, and associated mechanical, hydraulic, and control systems involved primarily in aircraft carrier takeoff and landing operations. Duties include supervision of readiness and safety of arresting gear, launching equipment, barricades, and visual landing aid systems planning and coordinating the design, development, and testing of launch and recovery systems; preparing specifications for catapult and arresting gear installations; evaluating design proposals; determining handling equipment needed for new aircraft; preparing technical data and instructions for operation of landing aids; and training personnel in carrier takeoff and landing procedures.

  • Aircraft Launch and Recovery Specialists

    Operate and maintain catapults, arresting gear, and associated mechanical, hydraulic, and control systems involved primarily in aircraft carrier takeoff and landing operations. Duties include installing and maintaining visual landing aids; testing and maintaining launch and recovery equipment using electric and mechanical test equipment and hand tools; activating airfield arresting systems, such as crash barriers and cables, during emergency landing situations; directing aircraft launch and recovery operations using hand or light signals; and maintaining logs of airplane launches, recoveries, and equipment maintenance.

  • Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians

    Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul aircraft engines and assemblies, such as hydraulic and pneumatic systems.

  • Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers

    Assemble, fit, fasten, and install parts of airplanes, space vehicles, or missiles, such as tails, wings, fuselage, bulkheads, stabilizers, landing gear, rigging and control equipment, or heating and ventilating systems.

  • Airfield Operations Specialists

    Ensure the safe takeoff and landing of commercial and military aircraft. Duties include coordination between air-traffic control and maintenance personnel; dispatching; using airfield landing and navigational aids; implementing airfield safety procedures; monitoring and maintaining flight records; and applying knowledge of weather information.

  • Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers

    Pilot and navigate the flight of multi-engine aircraft in regularly scheduled service for the transport of passengers and cargo. Requires Federal Air Transport rating and certification in specific aircraft type used.

  • Allergists and Immunologists

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent allergic diseases and disease processes affecting the immune system.

  • Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians

    Drive ambulance or assist ambulance driver in transporting sick, injured, or convalescent persons. Assist in lifting patients.

  • Amusement and Recreation Attendants

    Perform variety of attending duties at amusement or recreation facility. May schedule use of recreation facilities, maintain and provide equipment to participants of sporting events or recreational pursuits, or operate amusement concessions and rides.

  • Anesthesiologist Assistants

    Assist anesthesiologists in the administration of anesthesia for surgical and non-surgical procedures. Monitor patient status and provide patient care during surgical treatment.

  • Anesthesiologists

    Administer anesthetics during surgery or other medical procedures.

  • Animal Breeders

    Breed animals, including cattle, goats, horses, sheep, swine, poultry, dogs, cats, or pet birds. Select and breed animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require a knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree.

  • Animal Control Workers

    Handle animals for the purpose of investigations of mistreatment, or control of abandoned, dangerous, or unattended animals.

  • Animal Scientists

    Conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.

  • Animal Trainers

    Train animals for riding, harness, security, performance, or obedience, or assisting persons with disabilities. Accustom animals to human voice and contact; and condition animals to respond to commands. Train animals according to prescribed standards for show or competition. May train animals to carry pack loads or work as part of pack team.

  • Anthropologists

    Research, evaluate, and establish public policy concerning the origins of humans; their physical, social, linguistic, and cultural development; and their behavior, as well as the cultures, organizations, and institutions they have created.

  • Anthropologists and Archeologists

    Study the origin, development, and behavior of humans. May study the way of life, language, or physical characteristics of existing people in various parts of the world. May engage in systematic recovery and examination of material evidence, such as tools or pottery remaining from past human cultures, in order to determine the history, customs, and living habits of earlier civilizations.

  • Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in anthropology or archeology.

  • Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate

    Appraise real property to determine its fair value. May assess taxes in accordance with prescribed schedules.

  • Appraisers, Real Estate

    Appraise real property to determine its value for purchase, sales, investment, mortgage, or loan purposes.

  • Aquacultural Managers

    Direct and coordinate, through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities of workers engaged in fish hatchery production for corporations, cooperatives, or other owners.

  • Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators

    Facilitate negotiation and conflict resolution through dialogue. Resolve conflicts outside of the court system by mutual consent of parties involved.

  • Archeologists

    Conduct research to reconstruct record of past human life and culture from human remains, artifacts, architectural features, and structures recovered through excavation, underwater recovery, or other means of discovery.

  • Architects, Except Landscape and Naval

    Plan and design structures, such as private residences, office buildings, theaters, factories, and other structural property.

  • Architectural and Civil Drafters

    Prepare detailed drawings of architectural and structural features of buildings or drawings and topographical relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, and public works. Utilize knowledge of building materials, engineering practices, and mathematics to complete drawings.

  • Architectural Drafters

    Prepare detailed drawings of architectural designs and plans for buildings and structures according to specifications provided by architect.

  • Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in architecture and architectural design, such as architectural environmental design, interior architecture/design, and landscape architecture.

  • Archivists

    Appraise, edit, and direct safekeeping of permanent records and historically valuable documents. Participate in research activities based on archival materials.

  • Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses pertaining to the culture and development of an area (e.g., Latin America), an ethnic group, or any other group (e.g., women's studies, urban affairs).

  • Armored Assault Vehicle Crew Members

    Operate tanks, light armor, and amphibious assault vehicles during combat situations on land or in aquatic environments. Duties include driving armored vehicles which require specialized training; operating and maintaining targeting and firing systems; operating and maintaining advanced onboard communications and navigation equipment; transporting personnel and equipment in a combat environment; and operating and maintaining auxiliary weapons, including machine guns and grenade launchers.

  • Armored Assault Vehicle Officers

    Direct the operation of tanks, light armor, and amphibious assault vehicle units during combat situations on land or in aquatic environments. Duties include directing crew members in the operation of targeting and firing systems; coordinating the operation of advanced onboard communications and navigation equipment; directing the transport of personnel and equipment during combat; formulating and implementing battle plans, including the tactical employment of armored vehicle units; and coordinating with infantry, artillery, and air support units.

  • Art Directors

    Formulate design concepts and presentation approaches, and direct workers engaged in art work, layout design, and copy writing for visual communications media, such as magazines, books, newspapers, and packaging.

  • Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in drama, music, and the arts including fine and applied art, such as painting and sculpture, or design and crafts.

  • Artillery and Missile Crew Members

    Target, fire, and maintain weapons used to destroy enemy positions, aircraft, and vessels. Field artillery crew members predominantly use guns, cannons, and howitzers in ground combat operations, while air defense artillery crew members predominantly use missiles and rockets. Naval artillery crew members predominantly use torpedoes and missiles launched from a ship or submarine. Duties include testing, inspecting, and storing ammunition, missiles, and torpedoes conducting preventive and routine maintenance on weapons and related equipment establishing and maintaining radio and wire communications and operating weapons targeting, firing, and launch computer systems.

  • Artillery and Missile Officers

    Manage personnel and weapons operations to destroy enemy positions, aircraft, and vessels. Duties include planning, targeting, and coordinating the tactical deployment of field artillery and air defense artillery missile systems units; directing the establishment and operation of fire control communications systems; targeting and launching intercontinental ballistic missiles; directing the storage and handling of nuclear munitions and components; overseeing security of weapons storage and launch facilities; and managing maintenance of weapons systems.

  • Artists and Related Workers, All Other

    All artists and related workers not listed separately.

  • Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other

    All assemblers and fabricators not listed separately.

  • Assessors

    Appraise real and personal property to determine its fair value. May assess taxes in accordance with prescribed schedules.

  • Astronomers

    Observe, research, and interpret celestial and astronomical phenomena to increase basic knowledge and apply such information to practical problems.

  • Athletes and Sports Competitors

    Compete in athletic events.

  • Athletic Trainers

    Evaluate, advise, and treat athletes to assist recovery from injury, avoid injury, or maintain peak physical fitness.

  • Atmospheric and Space Scientists

    Investigate atmospheric phenomena and interpret meteorological data gathered by surface and air stations, satellites, and radar to prepare reports and forecasts for public and other uses.

  • Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in the physical sciences, except chemistry and physics.

  • Audio and Video Equipment Technicians

    Set up or set up and operate audio and video equipment including microphones, sound speakers, video screens, projectors, video monitors, recording equipment, connecting wires and cables, sound and mixing boards, and related electronic equipment for concerts, sports events, meetings and conventions, presentations, and news conferences. May also set up and operate associated spotlights and other custom lighting systems.

  • Audio-Visual Collections Specialists

    Prepare, plan, and operate audio-visual teaching aids for use in education. May record, catalogue, and file audio-visual materials.

  • Audiologists

    Assess and treat persons with hearing and related disorders. May fit hearing aids and provide auditory training. May perform research related to hearing problems.

  • Auditors

    Examine and analyze accounting records to determine financial status of establishment and prepare financial reports concerning operating procedures.

  • Automotive Body and Related Repairers

    Repair and refinish automotive vehicle bodies and straighten vehicle frames.

  • Automotive Engineering Technicians

    Assist engineers in determining the practicality of proposed product design changes, and plan and carry out tests on experimental test devices and equipment for performance, durability and efficiency.

  • Automotive Engineers

    Develop new or improved designs for vehicle structural members, engines, transmissions and other vehicle systems, using computer-assisted design technology. Direct building, modification, and testing of vehicle and components.

  • Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers

    Replace or repair broken windshields and window glass in motor vehicles.

  • Automotive Master Mechanics

    Repair automobiles, trucks, buses, and other vehicles. Master mechanics repair virtually any part on the vehicle or specialize in the transmission system.

  • Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics

    Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul automotive vehicles.

  • Automotive Specialty Technicians

    Repair only one system or component on a vehicle, such as brakes, suspension, or radiator.

  • Aviation Inspectors

    Inspect aircraft, maintenance procedures, air navigational aids, air traffic controls, and communications equipment to ensure conformance with Federal safety regulations.

  • Avionics Technicians

    Install, inspect, test, adjust, or repair avionics equipment, such as radar, radio, navigation, and missile control systems in aircraft or space vehicles.

  • Baggage Porters and Bellhops

    Handle baggage for travelers at transportation terminals or for guests at hotels or similar establishments.

  • Bailiffs

    Maintain order in courts of law.

  • Bakers

    Mix and bake ingredients according to recipes to produce breads, rolls, cookies, cakes, pies, pastries, or other baked goods.

  • Barbers

    Provide barbering services, such as cutting, trimming, shampooing, and styling hair, trimming beards, or giving shaves.

  • Baristas

    Prepare or serve specialty coffee or other beverages. Serve food such as baked goods or sandwiches to patrons.

  • Bartenders

    Mix and serve drinks to patrons, directly or through waitstaff.

  • Bicycle Repairers

    Repair and service bicycles.

  • Bill and Account Collectors

    Locate and notify customers of delinquent accounts by mail, telephone, or personal visit to solicit payment. Duties include receiving payment and posting amount to customer's account; preparing statements to credit department if customer fails to respond; initiating repossession proceedings or service disconnection; keeping records of collection and status of accounts.

  • Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators

    Compile, compute, and record billing, accounting, statistical, and other numerical data for billing purposes. Prepare billing invoices for services rendered or for delivery or shipment of goods.

  • Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks

    Compile data, compute fees and charges, and prepare invoices for billing purposes. Duties include computing costs and calculating rates for goods, services, and shipment of goods; posting data; and keeping other relevant records. May involve use of computer or typewriter, calculator, and adding and bookkeeping machines.

  • Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators

    Operate machines that automatically perform mathematical processes, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, to calculate and record billing, accounting, statistical, and other numerical data. Duties include operating special billing machines to prepare statements, bills, and invoices, and operating bookkeeping machines to copy and post data, make computations, and compile records of transactions.

  • Bindery Workers

    Set up or operate binding machines that produce books and other printed materials.

  • Biochemical Engineers

    Apply knowledge of biology, chemistry, and engineering to develop usable, tangible products. Solve problems related to materials, systems and processes that interact with humans, plants, animals, microorganisms, and biological materials.

  • Biochemists and Biophysicists

    Study the chemical composition and physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena. May conduct research to further understanding of the complex chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, growth, and heredity. May determine the effects of foods, drugs, serums, hormones, and other substances on tissues and vital processes of living organisms.

  • Biofuels Processing Technicians

    Calculate, measure, load, mix, and process refined feedstock with additives in fermentation or reaction process vessels and monitor production process. Perform, and keep records of, plant maintenance, repairs, and safety inspections.

  • Biofuels Production Managers

    Manage operations at biofuels power generation facilities. Collect and process information on plant performance, diagnose problems, and design corrective procedures.

  • Biofuels/Biodiesel Technology and Product Development Managers

    Define, plan, or execute biofuels/biodiesel research programs that evaluate alternative feedstock and process technologies with near-term commercial potential.

  • Bioinformatics Scientists

    Conduct research using bioinformatics theory and methods in areas such as pharmaceuticals, medical technology, biotechnology, computational biology, proteomics, computer information science, biology and medical informatics. May design databases and develop algorithms for processing and analyzing genomic information, or other biological information.

  • Bioinformatics Technicians

    Apply principles and methods of bioinformatics to assist scientists in areas such as pharmaceuticals, medical technology, biotechnology, computational biology, proteomics, computer information science, biology and medical informatics. Apply bioinformatics tools to visualize, analyze, manipulate or interpret molecular data. May build and maintain databases for processing and analyzing genomic or other biological information.

  • Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in biological sciences.

  • Biological Scientists, All Other

    All biological scientists not listed separately.

  • Biological Technicians

    Assist biological and medical scientists in laboratories. Set up, operate, and maintain laboratory instruments and equipment, monitor experiments, make observations, and calculate and record results. May analyze organic substances, such as blood, food, and drugs.

  • Biologists

    Research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions.

  • Biomass Plant Technicians

    Control and monitor biomass plant activities and perform maintenance as needed.

  • Biomass Production Managers

    Manage operations at biomass power generation facilities. Direct work activities at plant, including supervision of operations and maintenance staff.

  • Biomedical Engineers

    Apply knowledge of engineering, biology, and biomechanical principles to the design, development, and evaluation of biological and health systems and products, such as artificial organs, prostheses, instrumentation, medical information systems, and health management and care delivery systems.

  • Biostatisticians

    Develop and apply biostatistical theory and methods to the study of life sciences.

  • Boilermakers

    Construct, assemble, maintain, and repair stationary steam boilers and boiler house auxiliaries. Align structures or plate sections to assemble boiler frame tanks or vats, following blueprints. Work involves use of hand and power tools, plumb bobs, levels, wedges, dogs, or turnbuckles. Assist in testing assembled vessels. Direct cleaning of boilers and boiler furnaces. Inspect and repair boiler fittings, such as safety valves, regulators, automatic-control mechanisms, water columns, and auxiliary machines.

  • Bookbinders

    Perform highly skilled hand finishing operations, such as grooving and lettering to bind books.

  • Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks

    Compute, classify, and record numerical data to keep financial records complete. Perform any combination of routine calculating, posting, and verifying duties to obtain primary financial data for use in maintaining accounting records. May also check the accuracy of figures, calculations, and postings pertaining to business transactions recorded by other workers.

  • Brickmasons and Blockmasons

    Lay and bind building materials, such as brick, structural tile, concrete block, cinder block, glass block, and terra-cotta block, with mortar and other substances to construct or repair walls, partitions, arches, sewers, and other structures.

  • Bridge and Lock Tenders

    Operate and tend bridges, canal locks, and lighthouses to permit marine passage on inland waterways, near shores, and at danger points in waterway passages. May supervise such operations. Includes drawbridge operators, lock tenders and operators, and slip bridge operators.

  • Broadcast News Analysts

    Analyze, interpret, and broadcast news received from various sources.

  • Broadcast Technicians

    Set up, operate, and maintain the electronic equipment used to transmit radio and television programs. Control audio equipment to regulate volume level and quality of sound during radio and television broadcasts. Operate radio transmitter to broadcast radio and television programs.

  • Brokerage Clerks

    Perform clerical duties involving the purchase or sale of securities. Duties include writing orders for stock purchases and sales, computing transfer taxes, verifying stock transactions, accepting and delivering securities, tracking stock price fluctuations, computing equity, distributing dividends, and keeping records of daily transactions and holdings.

  • Brownfield Redevelopment Specialists and Site Managers

    Participate in planning and directing cleanup and redevelopment of contaminated properties for reuse. Does not include properties sufficiently contaminated to qualify as Superfund sites.

  • Budget Analysts

    Examine budget estimates for completeness, accuracy, and conformance with procedures and regulations. Analyze budgeting and accounting reports for the purpose of maintaining expenditure controls.

  • Building Cleaning Workers, All Other

    All building cleaning workers not listed separately.

  • Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists

    Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul trucks, buses, and all types of diesel engines. Includes mechanics working primarily with automobile diesel engines.

  • Bus Drivers, School

    Transport students or special clients, such as the elderly or persons with disabilities. Ensure adherence to safety rules. May assist passengers in boarding or exiting.

  • Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity

    Drive bus or motor coach, including regular route operations, charters, and private carriage. May assist passengers with baggage. May collect fares or tickets.

  • Business Continuity Planners

    Develop, maintain and implement business continuity and disaster recovery strategies and solutions. Perform risk analyses. Act as a coordinator for recovery efforts in emergency situations.

  • Business Intelligence Analysts

    Produce financial and market intelligence by querying data repositories and generating periodic reports. Devise methods for identifying data patterns and trends in available information sources.

  • Business Operations Specialists, All Other

    All business operations specialists not listed separately.

  • Business Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in business administration and management, such as accounting, finance, human resources, labor relations, marketing, and operations research.

  • Butchers and Meat Cutters

    Cut, trim, or prepare consumer-sized portions of meat for use or sale in retail establishments.

  • Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters

    Cut, shape, and assemble wooden articles or set up and operate a variety of woodworking machines, such as power saws, jointers, and mortisers to surface, cut, or shape lumber or to fabricate parts for wood products.

  • Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers

    Repair and adjust cameras and photographic equipment, including commercial video and motion picture camera equipment.

  • Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture

    Operate television, video, or motion picture camera to photograph images or scenes for various purposes, such as TV broadcasts, advertising, video production, or motion pictures.

  • Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels

    Command or supervise operations of ships and water vessels, such as tugboats and ferryboats, that travel into and out of harbors, estuaries, straits, and sounds and on rivers, lakes, bays, and oceans. Required to hold license issued by U.S. Coast Guard.

  • Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians

    Conduct tests on pulmonary or cardiovascular systems of patients for diagnostic purposes. May conduct or assist in electrocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, pulmonary-functions, lung capacity, and similar tests.

  • Cargo and Freight Agents

    Expedite and route movement of incoming and outgoing cargo and freight shipments in airline, train, and trucking terminals, and shipping docks. Take orders from customers and arrange pickup of freight and cargo for delivery to loading platform. Prepare and examine bills of lading to determine shipping charges and tariffs.

  • Carpenters

    Construct, erect, install, or repair structures and fixtures made of wood, such as concrete forms; building frameworks, including partitions, joists, studding, and rafters; wood stairways, window and door frames, and hardwood floors. May also install cabinets, siding, drywall and batt or roll insulation. Includes brattice builders who build doors or brattices (ventilation walls or partitions) in underground passageways to control the proper circulation of air through the passageways and to the working places.

  • Carpet Installers

    Lay and install carpet from rolls or blocks on floors. Install padding and trim flooring materials.

  • Cartographers and Photogrammetrists

    Collect, analyze, and interpret geographic information provided by geodetic surveys, aerial photographs, and satellite data. Research, study, and prepare maps and other spatial data in digital or graphic form for legal, social, political, educational, and design purposes. May work with Geographic Information Systems (GIS). May design and evaluate algorithms, data structures, and user interfaces for GIS and mapping systems.

  • Cashiers

    Receive and disburse money in establishments other than financial institutions. Usually involves use of electronic scanners, cash registers, or related equipment. Often involved in processing credit or debit card transactions and validating checks.

  • Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers

    Smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads, or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; use saws to cut expansion joints.

  • Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend cementing and gluing machines to join items for further processing or to form a completed product. Processes include joining veneer sheets into plywood; gluing paper; joining rubber and rubberized fabric parts, plastic, simulated leather, or other materials.

  • Chefs and Head Cooks

    Direct the preparation, seasoning, and cooking of salads, soups, fish, meats, vegetables, desserts, or other foods. May plan and price menu items, order supplies, and keep records and accounts. May participate in cooking.

  • Chemical Engineers

    Design chemical plant equipment and devise processes for manufacturing chemicals and products, such as gasoline, synthetic rubber, plastics, detergents, cement, paper, and pulp, by applying principles and technology of chemistry, physics, and engineering.

  • Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend equipment to control chemical changes or reactions in the processing of industrial or consumer products. Equipment used includes devulcanizers, steam-jacketed kettles, and reactor vessels.

  • Chemical Plant and System Operators

    Control or operate an entire chemical process or system of machines.

  • Chemical Technicians

    Conduct chemical and physical laboratory tests to assist scientists in making qualitative and quantitative analyses of solids, liquids, and gaseous materials for purposes, such as research and development of new products or processes, quality control, maintenance of environmental standards, and other work involving experimental, theoretical, or practical application of chemistry and related sciences.

  • Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses pertaining to the chemical and physical properties and compositional changes of substances. Work may include instruction in the methods of qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching, and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.

  • Chemists

    Conduct qualitative and quantitative chemical analyses or chemical experiments in laboratories for quality or process control or to develop new products or knowledge.

  • Chief Executives

    Determine and formulate policies and provide the overall direction of companies or private and public sector organizations within the guidelines set up by a board of directors or similar governing body. Plan, direct, or coordinate operational activities at the highest level of management with the help of subordinate executives and staff managers.

  • Chief Sustainability Officers

    Communicate and coordinate with management, shareholders, customers, and employees to address sustainability issues. Enact or oversee a corporate sustainability strategy.

  • Child Care Workers

    Attend to children at schools, businesses, private households, and child care institutions. Perform a variety of tasks, such as dressing, feeding, bathing, and overseeing play.

  • Child, Family, and School Social Workers

    Provide social services and assistance to improve the social and psychological functioning of children and their families and to maximize the family well-being and the academic functioning of children. May assist single parents, arrange adoptions, and find foster homes for abandoned or abused children. In schools, they address such problems as teenage pregnancy, misbehavior, and truancy. May also advise teachers on how to deal with problem children.

  • Chiropractors

    Adjust spinal column and other articulations of the body to correct abnormalities of the human body believed to be caused by interference with the nervous system. Examine patient to determine nature and extent of disorder. Manipulate spine or other involved area. May utilize supplementary measures, such as exercise, rest, water, light, heat, and nutritional therapy.

  • Choreographers

    Create and teach dance. May direct and stage presentations.

  • City and Regional Planning Aides

    Compile data from various sources, such as maps, reports, and field and file investigations, for use by city planner in making planning studies.

  • Civil Drafters

    Prepare drawings and topographical and relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, pipelines, flood control projects, and water and sewerage control systems.

  • Civil Engineering Technicians

    Apply theory and principles of civil engineering in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of structures and facilities under the direction of engineering staff or physical scientists.

  • Civil Engineers

    Perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures, and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, water and sewage systems, and waste disposal units. Includes architectural, structural, traffic, ocean, and geo-technical engineers.

  • Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators

    Review settled claims to determine that payments and settlements have been made in accordance with company practices and procedures, ensuring that proper methods have been followed. Report overpayments, underpayments, and other irregularities. Confer with legal counsel on claims requiring litigation.

  • Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance

    Review settled insurance claims to determine that payments and settlements have been made in accordance with company practices and procedures. Report overpayments, underpayments, and other irregularities. Confer with legal counsel on claims requiring litigation.

  • Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment

    Wash or otherwise clean vehicles, machinery, and other equipment. Use such materials as water, cleaning agents, brushes, cloths, and hoses.

  • Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend machines to wash or clean products, such as barrels or kegs, glass items, tin plate, food, pulp, coal, plastic, or rubber, to remove impurities.

  • Clergy

    Conduct religious worship and perform other spiritual functions associated with beliefs and practices of religious faith or denomination. Provide spiritual and moral guidance and assistance to members.

  • Climate Change Analysts

    Research and analyze policy developments related to climate change. Make climate-related recommendations for actions such as legislation, awareness campaigns, or fundraising approaches.

  • Clinical Data Managers

    Apply knowledge of health care and database management to analyze clinical data, and to identify and report trends.

  • Clinical Nurse Specialists

    Plan, direct, or coordinate the daily patient care activities in a clinical practice. Ensure adherence to established clinical policies, protocols, regulations, and standards.

  • Clinical Psychologists

    Diagnose or evaluate mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests, and formulate and administer programs of treatment.

  • Clinical Research Coordinators

    Plan, direct, or coordinate clinical research projects. Direct the activities of workers engaged in clinical research projects to ensure compliance with protocols and overall clinical objectives. May evaluate and analyze clinical data.

  • Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists

    Diagnose and treat mental disorders; learning disabilities; and cognitive, behavioral, and emotional problems using individual, child, family, and group therapies. May design and implement behavior modification programs.

  • Coaches and Scouts

    Instruct or coach groups or individuals in the fundamentals of sports. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. May evaluate athletes' strengths and weaknesses as possible recruits or to improve the athletes' technique to prepare them for competition. Those required to hold teaching degrees should be reported in the appropriate teaching category.

  • Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines to coat or paint any of a wide variety of products including food, glassware, cloth, ceramics, metal, plastic, paper, or wood, with lacquer, silver, copper, rubber, varnish, glaze, enamel, oil, or rust-proofing materials.

  • Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers

    Wind wire coils used in electrical components, such as resistors and transformers, and in electrical equipment and instruments, such as field cores, bobbins, armature cores, electrical motors, generators, and control equipment.

  • Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers

    Install, service, adjust, or repair coin, vending, or amusement machines including video games, juke boxes, pinball machines, or slot machines.

  • Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food

    Perform duties which combine both food preparation and food service.

  • Command and Control Center Officers

    Manage the operation of communications, detection, and weapons systems essential for controlling air, ground, and naval operations. Duties include managing critical communication links between air, naval, and ground forces; formulating and implementing emergency plans for natural and wartime disasters; coordinating emergency response teams and agencies; evaluating command center information and need for high-level military and government reporting; managing the operation of surveillance and detection systems; providing technical information and advice on capabilities and operational readiness; and directing operation of weapons targeting, firing, and launch computer systems.

  • Command and Control Center Specialists

    Operate and monitor communications, detection, and weapons systems essential for controlling air, ground, and naval operations. Duties include maintaining and relaying critical communications between air, naval, and ground forces; implementing emergency plans for natural and wartime disasters; relaying command center information to high-level military and government decision makers; monitoring surveillance and detection systems, such as air defense; interpreting and evaluating tactical situations and making recommendations to superiors; and operating weapons targeting, firing, and launch computer systems.

  • Commercial and Industrial Designers

    Develop and design manufactured products, such as cars, home appliances, and children's toys. Combine artistic talent with research on product use, marketing, and materials to create the most functional and appealing product design.

  • Commercial Divers

    Work below surface of water, using scuba gear to inspect, repair, remove, or install equipment and structures. May use a variety of power and hand tools, such as drills, sledgehammers, torches, and welding equipment. May conduct tests or experiments, rig explosives, or photograph structures or marine life.

  • Commercial Pilots

    Pilot and navigate the flight of small fixed or rotary winged aircraft, primarily for the transport of cargo and passengers. Requires Commercial Rating.

  • Communications Equipment Operators, All Other

    All communications equipment operators not listed separately.

  • Communications Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in communications, such as organizational communications, public relations, radio/television broadcasting, and journalism.

  • Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other

    All community and social service specialists not listed separately.

  • Compensation and Benefits Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate compensation and benefits activities and staff of an organization.

  • Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists

    Conduct programs of compensation and benefits and job analysis for employer. May specialize in specific areas, such as position classification and pension programs.

  • Compliance Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of an organization to ensure compliance with ethical or regulatory standards.

  • Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation

    Examine, evaluate, and investigate eligibility for or conformity with laws and regulations governing contract compliance of licenses and permits, and other compliance and enforcement inspection activities not classified elsewhere.

  • Computer and Information Scientists, Research

    Conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as theorists, designers, or inventors. Solve or develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and software.

  • Computer and Information Systems Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as electronic data processing, information systems, systems analysis, and computer programming.

  • Computer Hardware Engineers

    Research, design, develop, and test computer or computer-related equipment for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use. May supervise the manufacturing and installation of computer or computer-related equipment and components.

  • Computer Operators

    Monitor and control electronic computer and peripheral electronic data processing equipment to process business, scientific, engineering, and other data according to operating instructions. May enter commands at a computer terminal and set controls on computer and peripheral devices. Monitor and respond to operating and error messages.

  • Computer Programmers

    Convert project specifications and statements of problems and procedures to detailed logical flow charts for coding into computer language. Develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information. May program web sites.

  • Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in computer science. May specialize in a field of computer science, such as the design and function of computers or operations and research analysis.

  • Computer Security Specialists

    Plan, coordinate, and implement security measures for information systems to regulate access to computer data files and prevent unauthorized modification, destruction, or disclosure of information.

  • Computer Software Engineers, Applications

    Develop, create, and modify general computer applications software or specialized utility programs. Analyze user needs and develop software solutions. Design software or customize software for client use with the aim of optimizing operational efficiency. May analyze and design databases within an application area, working individually or coordinating database development as part of a team.

  • Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software

    Research, design, develop, and test operating systems-level software, compilers, and network distribution software for medical, industrial, military, communications, aerospace, business, scientific, and general computing applications. Set operational specifications and formulate and analyze software requirements. Apply principles and techniques of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis.

  • Computer Specialists, All Other

    All computer specialists not listed separately.

  • Computer Support Specialists

    Provide technical assistance to computer system users. Answer questions or resolve computer problems for clients in person, via telephone or from remote location. May provide assistance concerning the use of computer hardware and software, including printing, installation, word processing, electronic mail, and operating systems.

  • Computer Systems Analysts

    Analyze science, engineering, business, and all other data processing problems for application to electronic data processing systems. Analyze user requirements, procedures, and problems to automate or improve existing systems and review computer system capabilities, workflow, and scheduling limitations. May analyze or recommend commercially available software. May supervise computer programmers.

  • Computer Systems Engineers/Architects

    Design and develop solutions to complex applications problems, system administration issues, or network concerns. Perform systems management and integration functions.

  • Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers

    Repair, maintain, or install computers, word processing systems, automated teller machines, and electronic office machines, such as duplicating and fax machines.

  • Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic

    Operate computer-controlled machines or robots to perform one or more machine functions on metal or plastic work pieces.

  • Concierges

    Assist patrons at hotel, apartment or office building with personal services. May take messages, arrange or give advice on transportation, business services or entertainment, or monitor guest requests for housekeeping and maintenance.

  • Conservation Scientists

    Manage, improve, and protect natural resources to maximize their use without damaging the environment. May conduct soil surveys and develop plans to eliminate soil erosion or to protect rangelands from fire and rodent damage. May instruct farmers, agricultural production managers, or ranchers in best ways to use crop rotation, contour plowing, or terracing to conserve soil and water; in the number and kind of livestock and forage plants best suited to particular ranges; and in range and farm improvements, such as fencing and reservoirs for stock watering.

  • Construction and Building Inspectors

    Inspect structures using engineering skills to determine structural soundness and compliance with specifications, building codes, and other regulations. Inspections may be general in nature or may be limited to a specific area, such as electrical systems or plumbing.

  • Construction and Related Workers, All Other

    All construction and related workers not listed separately.

  • Construction Carpenters

    Construct, erect, install, and repair structures and fixtures of wood, plywood, and wallboard, using carpenter's hand tools and power tools.

  • Construction Laborers

    Perform tasks involving physical labor at building, highway, and heavy construction projects, tunnel and shaft excavations, and demolition sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, clean up rubble and debris, and remove asbestos, lead, and other hazardous waste materials. May assist other craft workers.

  • Construction Managers

    Plan, direct, coordinate, or budget, usually through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities concerned with the construction and maintenance of structures, facilities, and systems. Participate in the conceptual development of a construction project and oversee its organization, scheduling, and implementation.

  • Continuous Mining Machine Operators

    Operate self-propelled mining machines that rip coal, metal and nonmetal ores, rock, stone, or sand from the face and load it onto conveyors or into shuttle cars in a continuous operation.

  • Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door

    Install, repair, and maintain mechanical regulating and controlling devices, such as electric meters, gas regulators, thermostats, safety and flow valves, and other mechanical governors.

  • Conveyor Operators and Tenders

    Control or tend conveyors or conveyor systems that move materials or products to and from stockpiles, processing stations, departments, or vehicles. May control speed and routing of materials or products.

  • Cooks, All Other

    All cooks not listed separately.

  • Cooks, Fast Food

    Prepare and cook food in a fast food restaurant with a limited menu. Duties of the cooks are limited to preparation of a few basic items and normally involve operating large-volume single-purpose cooking equipment.

  • Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria

    Prepare and cook large quantities of food for institutions, such as schools, hospitals, or cafeterias.

  • Cooks, Private Household

    Prepare meals in private homes.

  • Cooks, Restaurant

    Prepare, season, and cook soups, meats, vegetables, desserts, or other foodstuffs in restaurants. May order supplies, keep records and accounts, price items on menu, or plan menu.

  • Cooks, Short Order

    Prepare and cook to order a variety of foods that require only a short preparation time. May take orders from customers and serve patrons at counters or tables.

  • Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend equipment, such as cooling and freezing units, refrigerators, batch freezers, and freezing tunnels, to cool or freeze products, food, blood plasma, and chemicals.

  • Copy Writers

    Write advertising copy for use by publication or broadcast media to promote sale of goods and services.

  • Coroners

    Direct activities such as autopsies, pathological and toxicological analyses, and inquests relating to the investigation of deaths occurring within a legal jurisdiction to determine cause of death or to fix responsibility for accidental, violent, or unexplained deaths.

  • Correctional Officers and Jailers

    Guard inmates in penal or rehabilitative institution in accordance with established regulations and procedures. May guard prisoners in transit between jail, courtroom, prison, or other point. Includes deputy sheriffs and police who spend the majority of their time guarding prisoners in correctional institutions.

  • Correspondence Clerks

    Compose letters in reply to requests for merchandise, damage claims, credit and other information, delinquent accounts, incorrect billings, or unsatisfactory services. Duties may include gathering data to formulate reply and typing correspondence.

  • Cost Estimators

    Prepare cost estimates for product manufacturing, construction projects, or services to aid management in bidding on or determining price of product or service. May specialize according to particular service performed or type of product manufactured.

  • Costume Attendants

    Select, fit, and take care of costumes for cast members, and aid entertainers.

  • Counseling Psychologists

    Assess and evaluate individuals' problems through the use of case history, interview, and observation and provide individual or group counseling services to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment.

  • Counselors, All Other

    All counselors not listed separately.

  • Counter and Rental Clerks

    Receive orders for repairs, rentals, and services. May describe available options, compute cost, and accept payment.

  • Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop

    Serve food to diners at counter or from a steam table.

  • Couriers and Messengers

    Pick up and carry messages, documents, packages, and other items between offices or departments within an establishment or to other business concerns, traveling by foot, bicycle, motorcycle, automobile, or public conveyance.

  • Court Clerks

    Perform clerical duties in court of law; prepare docket of cases to be called; secure information for judges; and contact witnesses, attorneys, and litigants to obtain information for court.

  • Court Reporters

    Use verbatim methods and equipment to capture, store, retrieve, and transcribe pretrial and trial proceedings or other information. Includes stenocaptioners who operate computerized stenographic captioning equipment to provide captions of live or prerecorded broadcasts for hearing-impaired viewers.

  • Court, Municipal, and License Clerks

    Perform clerical duties in courts of law, municipalities, and governmental licensing agencies and bureaus. May prepare docket of cases to be called; secure information for judges and court; prepare draft agendas or bylaws for town or city council; answer official correspondence; keep fiscal records and accounts; issue licenses or permits; record data, administer tests, or collect fees.

  • Craft Artists

    Create or reproduce hand-made objects for sale and exhibition using a variety of techniques, such as welding, weaving, pottery, and needlecraft.

  • Crane and Tower Operators

    Operate mechanical boom and cable or tower and cable equipment to lift and move materials, machines, or products in many directions.

  • Credit Analysts

    Analyze current credit data and financial statements of individuals or firms to determine the degree of risk involved in extending credit or lending money. Prepare reports with this credit information for use in decision-making.

  • Credit Authorizers

    Authorize credit charges against customers' accounts.

  • Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks

    Authorize credit charges against customers' accounts. Investigate history and credit standing of individuals or business establishments applying for credit. May interview applicants to obtain personal and financial data; determine credit worthiness; process applications; and notify customers of acceptance or rejection of credit.

  • Credit Checkers

    Investigate history and credit standing of individuals or business establishments applying for credit. Telephone or write to credit departments of business and service establishments to obtain information about applicant's credit standing.

  • Criminal Investigators and Special Agents

    Investigate alleged or suspected criminal violations of Federal, state, or local laws to determine if evidence is sufficient to recommend prosecution.

  • Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in criminal justice, corrections, and law enforcement administration.

  • Critical Care Nurses

    Provide advanced nursing care for patients in critical or coronary care units.

  • Crop and Livestock Managers

    Direct and coordinate, through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities of workers engaged in agricultural crop production for corporations, cooperatives, or other owners.

  • Crossing Guards

    Guide or control vehicular or pedestrian traffic at such places as streets, schools, railroad crossings, or construction sites.

  • Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines to crush, grind, or polish materials, such as coal, glass, grain, stone, food, or rubber.

  • Curators

    Administer affairs of museum and conduct research programs. Direct instructional, research, and public service activities of institution.

  • Customer Service Representatives

    Interact with customers to provide information in response to inquiries about products and services and to handle and resolve complaints.

  • Customs Brokers

    Prepare customs documentation and ensure that shipments meet all applicable laws to facilitate the import and export of goods. Determine and track duties and taxes payable and process payments on behalf of client. Sign documents under a power of attorney. Represent clients in meetings with customs officials and apply for duty refunds and tariff reclassifications. Coordinate transportation and storage of imported goods.

  • Cutters and Trimmers, Hand

    Use hand tools or hand-held power tools to cut and trim a variety of manufactured items, such as carpet, fabric, stone, glass, or rubber.

  • Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines that cut or slice materials, such as glass, stone, cork, rubber, tobacco, food, paper, or insulating material.

  • Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend machines to saw, cut, shear, slit, punch, crimp, notch, bend, or straighten metal or plastic material.

  • Cytogenetic Technologists

    Analyze chromosomes found in biological specimens such as amniotic fluids, bone marrow, and blood to aid in the study, diagnosis, or treatment of genetic diseases.

  • Cytotechnologists

    Stain, mount, and study cells to detect evidence of cancer, hormonal abnormalities, and other pathological conditions following established standards and practices.

  • Dancers

    Perform dances. May also sing or act.

  • Data Entry Keyers

    Operate data entry device, such as keyboard or photo composing perforator. Duties may include verifying data and preparing materials for printing.

  • Data Warehousing Specialists

    Design, model, or implement corporate data warehousing activities. Program and configure warehouses of database information and provide support to warehouse users.

  • Database Administrators

    Coordinate changes to computer databases, test and implement the database applying knowledge of database management systems. May plan, coordinate, and implement security measures to safeguard computer databases.

  • Database Architects

    Design strategies for enterprise database systems and set standards for operations, programming, and security. Design and construct large relational databases. Integrate new systems with existing warehouse structure and refine system performance and functionality.

  • Demonstrators and Product Promoters

    Demonstrate merchandise and answer questions for the purpose of creating public interest in buying the product. May sell demonstrated merchandise.

  • Dental Assistants

    Assist dentist, set up patient and equipment, and keep records.

  • Dental Hygienists

    Clean teeth and examine oral areas, head, and neck for signs of oral disease. May educate patients on oral hygiene, take and develop X-rays, or apply fluoride or sealants.

  • Dental Laboratory Technicians

    Construct and repair full or partial dentures or dental appliances.

  • Dentists, All Other Specialists

    All dentists not listed separately.

  • Dentists, General

    Diagnose and treat diseases, injuries, and malformations of teeth and gums and related oral structures. May treat diseases of nerve, pulp, and other dental tissues affecting vitality of teeth.

  • Dermatologists

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases or other conditions of the skin.

  • Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas

    Rig derrick equipment and operate pumps to circulate mud through drill hole.

  • Designers, All Other

    All designers not listed separately.

  • Desktop Publishers

    Format typescript and graphic elements using computer software to produce publication-ready material.

  • Detectives and Criminal Investigators

    Conduct investigations related to suspected violations of Federal, State, or local laws to prevent or solve crimes.

  • Diagnostic Medical Sonographers

    Produce ultrasonic recordings of internal organs for use by physicians.

  • Dietetic Technicians

    Assist dietitians in the provision of food service and nutritional programs. Under the supervision of dietitians, may plan and produce meals based on established guidelines, teach principles of food and nutrition, or counsel individuals.

  • Dietitians and Nutritionists

    Plan and conduct food service or nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and control of disease. May supervise activities of a department providing quantity food services, counsel individuals, or conduct nutritional research.

  • Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers

    Facilitate food service. Clean tables, carry dirty dishes, replace soiled table linens; set tables; replenish supply of clean linens, silverware, glassware, and dishes; supply service bar with food, and serve water, butter, and coffee to patrons.

  • Directors, Religious Activities and Education

    Direct and coordinate activities of a denominational group to meet religious needs of students. Plan, direct, or coordinate church school programs designed to promote religious education among church membership. May provide counseling and guidance relative to marital, health, financial, and religious problems.

  • Directors- Stage, Motion Pictures, Television, and Radio

    Interpret script, conduct rehearsals, and direct activities of cast and technical crew for stage, motion pictures, television, or radio programs.

  • Dishwashers

    Clean dishes, kitchen, food preparation equipment, or utensils.

  • Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance

    Schedule and dispatch workers, work crews, equipment, or service vehicles for conveyance of materials, freight, or passengers, or for normal installation, service, or emergency repairs rendered outside the place of business. Duties may include using radio, telephone, or computer to transmit assignments and compiling statistics and reports on work progress.

  • Distance Learning Coordinators

    Coordinate day-to-day operations of distance learning programs and schedule courses.

  • Document Management Specialists

    Implement and administer enterprise-wide document management procedures for the capture, storage, retrieval, sharing, and destruction of electronic records and documents.

  • Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers

    Sell goods or services door-to-door or on the street.

  • Drafters, All Other

    All drafters not listed separately.

  • Dredge Operators

    Operate dredge to remove sand, gravel, or other materials from lakes, rivers, or streams; and to excavate and maintain navigable channels in waterways.

  • Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend drilling machines to drill, bore, ream, mill, or countersink metal or plastic work pieces.

  • Driver/Sales Workers

    Drive truck or other vehicle over established routes or within an established territory and sell goods, such as food products, including restaurant take-out items, or pick up and deliver items, such as laundry. May also take orders and collect payments. Includes newspaper delivery drivers.

  • Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers

    Apply plasterboard or other wallboard to ceilings or interior walls of buildings. Apply or mount acoustical tiles or blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing materials to ceilings and walls of buildings to reduce or reflect sound. Materials may be of decorative quality. Includes lathers who fasten wooden, metal, or rockboard lath to walls, ceilings or partitions of buildings to provide support base for plaster, fire-proofing, or acoustical material.

  • Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas

    Operate a variety of drills--such as rotary, churn, and pneumatic--to tap sub-surface water and salt deposits, to remove core samples during mineral exploration or soil testing, and to facilitate the use of explosives in mining or construction. May use explosives. Includes horizontal and earth boring machine operators.

  • Economics Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in economics.

  • Economists

    Conduct research, prepare reports, or formulate plans to aid in solution of economic problems arising from production and distribution of goods and services. May collect and process economic and statistical data using econometric and sampling techniques.

  • Editors

    Perform variety of editorial duties, such as laying out, indexing, and revising content of written materials, in preparation for final publication.

  • Education Administrators, All Other

    All education administrators not listed separately.

  • Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School

    Plan, direct, or coordinate the academic, clerical, or auxiliary activities of public or private elementary or secondary level schools.

  • Education Administrators, Postsecondary

    Plan, direct, or coordinate research, instructional, student administration and services, and other educational activities at postsecondary institutions, including universities, colleges, and junior and community colleges.

  • Education Administrators, Preschool and Child Care Center/Program

    Plan, direct, or coordinate the academic and nonacademic activities of preschool and child care centers or programs.

  • Education Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses pertaining to education, such as counseling, curriculum, guidance, instruction, teacher education, and teaching English as a second language.

  • Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other

    All education, training, and library workers not listed separately.

  • Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors

    Counsel individuals and provide group educational and vocational guidance services.

  • Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers

    Repair, maintain, or install electric motors, wiring, or switches.

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians

    Apply electrical and electronic theory and related knowledge, usually under the direction of engineering staff, to design, build, repair, calibrate, and modify electrical components, circuitry, controls, and machinery for subsequent evaluation and use by engineering staff in making engineering design decisions.

  • Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers

    Assemble or modify electrical or electronic equipment, such as computers, test equipment telemetering systems, electric motors, and batteries.

  • Electrical and Electronics Drafters

    Prepare wiring diagrams, circuit board assembly diagrams, and layout drawings used for manufacture, installation, and repair of electrical equipment in factories, power plants, and buildings.

  • Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment

    Install, adjust, or maintain mobile electronics communication equipment, including sound, sonar, security, navigation, and surveillance systems on trains, watercraft, or other mobile equipment.

  • Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment

    Repair, test, adjust, or install electronic equipment, such as industrial controls, transmitters, and antennas.

  • Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay

    Inspect, test, repair, or maintain electrical equipment in generating stations, substations, and in-service relays.

  • Electrical Drafters

    Develop specifications and instructions for installation of voltage transformers, overhead or underground cables, and related electrical equipment used to conduct electrical energy from transmission lines or high-voltage distribution lines to consumers.

  • Electrical Engineering Technicians

    Apply electrical theory and related knowledge to test and modify developmental or operational electrical machinery and electrical control equipment and circuitry in industrial or commercial plants and laboratories. Usually work under direction of engineering staff.

  • Electrical Engineering Technologists

    Apply engineering theory and technical skills to support electrical engineering activities such as process control, electrical power distribution, and instrumentation design. Prepare layouts of machinery and equipment, plan the flow of work, conduct statistical studies and analyze production costs.

  • Electrical Engineers

    Design, develop, test, or supervise the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment, components, or systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use.

  • Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers

    Install or repair cables or wires used in electrical power or distribution systems. May erect poles and light or heavy duty transmission towers.

  • Electricians

    Install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. May install or service street lights, intercom systems, or electrical control systems.

  • Electro-Mechanical Technicians

    Operate, test, and maintain unmanned, automated, servo-mechanical, or electromechanical equipment. May operate unmanned submarines, aircraft, or other equipment at worksites, such as oil rigs, deep ocean exploration, or hazardous waste removal. May assist engineers in testing and designing robotics equipment.

  • Electromechanical Engineering Technologists

    Apply engineering theory and technical skills to support electromechanical engineering activities such as computer-based process control, instrumentation, and machine design. Prepare layouts of machinery and equipment, plan the flow of work, conduct statistical studies and analyze production costs.

  • Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers

    Assemble or modify electromechanical equipment or devices, such as servomechanisms, gyros, dynamometers, magnetic drums, tape drives, brakes, control linkage, actuators, and appliances.

  • Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists

    Conduct electroneurodiagnostic (END) tests such as electroencephalograms, evoked potentials, polysomnograms, or electronystagmograms. May perform nerve conduction studies.

  • Electronic Commerce Specialists

    Market products on proprietary websites. Produce online advertising. Determine website content and design. Analyze customer preferences and online sales.

  • Electronic Drafters

    Draw wiring diagrams, circuit board assembly diagrams, schematics, and layout drawings used for manufacture, installation, and repair of electronic equipment.

  • Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles

    Install, diagnose, or repair communications, sound, security, or navigation equipment in motor vehicles.

  • Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers

    Repair, adjust, or install audio or television receivers, stereo systems, camcorders, video systems, or other electronic home entertainment equipment.

  • Electronics Engineering Technicians

    Lay out, build, test, troubleshoot, repair, and modify developmental and production electronic components, parts, equipment, and systems, such as computer equipment, missile control instrumentation, electron tubes, test equipment, and machine tool numerical controls, applying principles and theories of electronics, electrical circuitry, engineering mathematics, electronic and electrical testing, and physics. Usually work under direction of engineering staff.

  • Electronics Engineering Technologists

    Apply engineering theory and technical skills to support electronics engineering activities such as electronics systems and instrumentation design and digital signal processing.

  • Electronics Engineers, Except Computer

    Research, design, develop, and test electronic components and systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use utilizing knowledge of electronic theory and materials properties. Design electronic circuits and components for use in fields such as telecommunications, aerospace guidance and propulsion control, acoustics, or instruments and controls.

  • Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

    Teach pupils in public or private schools at the elementary level basic academic, social, and other formative skills.

  • Elevator Installers and Repairers

    Assemble, install, repair, or maintain electric or hydraulic freight or passenger elevators, escalators, or dumbwaiters.

  • Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs

    Determine eligibility of persons applying to receive assistance from government programs and agency resources, such as welfare, unemployment benefits, social security, and public housing.

  • Embalmers

    Prepare bodies for interment in conformity with legal requirements.

  • Emergency Management Specialists

    Coordinate disaster response or crisis management activities, provide disaster preparedness training, and prepare emergency plans and procedures for natural (e.g., hurricanes, floods, earthquakes), wartime, or technological (e.g., nuclear power plant emergencies, hazardous materials spills) disasters or hostage situations.

  • Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

    Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and extricate trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.

  • Employment Interviewers

    Interview job applicants in employment office and refer them to prospective employers for consideration. Search application files, notify selected applicants of job openings, and refer qualified applicants to prospective employers. Contact employers to verify referral results. Record and evaluate various pertinent data.

  • Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists

    Recruit and place workers.

  • Endoscopy Technicians

    Maintain a sterile field to provide support for physicians and nurses during endoscopy procedures. Prepare and maintain instruments and equipment. May obtain specimens.

  • Energy Auditors

    Conduct energy audits of buildings, building systems and process systems. May also conduct investment grade audits of buildings or systems.

  • Energy Brokers

    Purchase or sell energy for customers.

  • Energy Engineers

    Design, develop, and evaluate energy-related projects and programs to reduce energy costs or improve energy efficiency during the designing, building, or remodeling stages of construction. May specialize in electrical systems; heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems; green buildings; lighting; air quality; or energy procurement.

  • Engine and Other Machine Assemblers

    Construct, assemble, or rebuild machines, such as engines, turbines, and similar equipment used in such industries as construction, extraction, textiles, and paper manufacturing.

  • Engineering Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as architecture and engineering or research and development in these fields.

  • Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses pertaining to the application of physical laws and principles of engineering for the development of machines, materials, instruments, processes, and services. Includes teachers of subjects, such as chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, mechanical, mineral, and petroleum engineering. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.

  • Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other

    All engineering technicians, except drafters, not listed separately.

  • Engineers, All Other

    All engineers not listed separately.

  • English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in English language and literature, including linguistics and comparative literature.

  • Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other

    All entertainers and performers, sports and related workers not listed separately.

  • Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other

    All entertainment attendants and related workers not listed separately.

  • Environmental Compliance Inspectors

    Inspect and investigate sources of pollution to protect the public and environment and ensure conformance with Federal, State, and local regulations and ordinances.

  • Environmental Economists

    Assess and quantify the benefits of environmental alternatives, such as use of renewable energy resources.

  • Environmental Engineering Technicians

    Apply theory and principles of environmental engineering to modify, test, and operate equipment and devices used in the prevention, control, and remediation of environmental pollution, including waste treatment and site remediation. May assist in the development of environmental pollution remediation devices under direction of engineer.

  • Environmental Engineers

    Design, plan, or perform engineering duties in the prevention, control, and remediation of environmental health hazards utilizing various engineering disciplines. Work may include waste treatment, site remediation, or pollution control technology.

  • Environmental Restoration Planners

    Collaborate with field and biology staff to oversee the implementation of restoration projects and to develop new products. Process and synthesize complex scientific data into practical strategies for restoration, monitoring or management.

  • Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health

    Performs laboratory and field tests to monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution, including those that affect health. Under direction of an environmental scientist or specialist, may collect samples of gases, soil, water, and other materials for testing and take corrective actions as assigned.

  • Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in environmental science.

  • Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health

    Conduct research or perform investigation for the purpose of identifying, abating, or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population. Utilizing knowledge of various scientific disciplines may collect, synthesize, study, report, and take action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air, food, soil, water, and other sources.

  • Epidemiologists

    Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, and other health outcomes and develop the means for prevention and control.

  • Equal Opportunity Representatives and Officers

    Monitor and evaluate compliance with equal opportunity laws, guidelines, and policies to ensure that employment practices and contracting arrangements give equal opportunity without regard to race, religion, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability.

  • Etchers and Engravers

    Engrave or etch metal, wood, rubber, or other materials for identification or decorative purposes. Includes such workers as etcher-circuit processors, pantograph engravers, and silk screen etchers.

  • Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators

    Operate or tend machinery equipped with scoops, shovels, or buckets, to excavate and load loose materials.

  • Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants

    Provide high-level administrative support by conducting research, preparing statistical reports, handling information requests, and performing clerical functions such as preparing correspondence, receiving visitors, arranging conference calls, and scheduling meetings. May also train and supervise lower-level clerical staff.

  • Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters

    Place and detonate explosives to demolish structures or to loosen, remove, or displace earth, rock, or other materials. May perform specialized handling, storage, and accounting procedures. Includes seismograph shooters.

  • Extraction Workers, All Other

    All extraction workers not listed separately.

  • Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend machines to extrude or draw thermoplastic or metal materials into tubes, rods, hoses, wire, bars, or structural shapes.

  • Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers

    Set up, operate, or tend machines that extrude and form continuous filaments from synthetic materials, such as liquid polymer, rayon, and fiberglass.

  • Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines, such as glass forming machines, plodder machines, and tuber machines, to shape and form products, such as glassware, food, rubber, soap, brick, tile, clay, wax, tobacco, or cosmetics.

  • Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers

    Draw and construct sets of precision master fabric patterns or layouts. May also mark and cut fabrics and apparel.

  • Fabric Menders, Except Garment

    Repair tears, holes, and other defects in fabrics, such as draperies, linens, parachutes, and tents.

  • Fallers

    Use axes or chainsaws to fell trees using knowledge of tree characteristics and cutting techniques to control direction of fall and minimize tree damage.

  • Family and General Practitioners

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries that commonly occur in the general population.

  • Farm and Home Management Advisors

    Advise, instruct, and assist individuals and families engaged in agriculture, agricultural-related processes, or home economics activities. Demonstrate procedures and apply research findings to solve problems; instruct and train in product development, sales, and the utilization of machinery and equipment to promote general welfare. Includes county agricultural agents, feed and farm management advisers, home economists, and extension service advisors.

  • Farm Equipment Mechanics

    Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul farm machinery and vehicles, such as tractors, harvesters, dairy equipment, and irrigation systems.

  • Farm Labor Contractors

    Recruit, hire, furnish, and supervise seasonal or temporary agricultural laborers for a fee. May transport, house, and provide meals for workers.

  • Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers

    On a paid basis, manage farms, ranches, aquacultural operations, greenhouses, nurseries, timber tracts, cotton gins, packing houses, or other agricultural establishments for employers. Carry out production, financial, and marketing decisions relating to the managed operations following guidelines from the owner. May contract tenant farmers or producers to carry out the day-to-day activities of the managed operation. May supervise planting, cultivating, harvesting, and marketing activities. May prepare cost, production, and other records. May perform physical work and operate machinery.

  • Farmers and Ranchers

    On an ownership or rental basis, operate farms, ranches, greenhouses, nurseries, timber tracts, or other agricultural production establishments which produce crops, horticultural specialties, livestock, poultry, finfish, shellfish, or animal specialties. May plant, cultivate, harvest, perform post-harvest activities, and market crops and livestock; may hire, train, and supervise farm workers or supervise a farm labor contractor; may prepare cost, production, and other records. May maintain and operate machinery and perform physical work.

  • Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop

    Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.

  • Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse

    Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, grading, sorting, packing and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.

  • Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals

    Attend to live farm, ranch, or aquacultural animals that may include cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses and other equines, poultry, finfish, shellfish, and bees. Attend to animals produced for animal products, such as meat, fur, skins, feathers, eggs, milk, and honey. Duties may include feeding, watering, herding, grazing, castrating, branding, de-beaking, weighing, catching, and loading animals. May maintain records on animals; examine animals to detect diseases and injuries; assist in birth deliveries; and administer medications, vaccinations, or insecticides as appropriate. May clean and maintain animal housing areas.

  • Fashion Designers

    Design clothing and accessories. Create original garments or design garments that follow well established fashion trends. May develop the line of color and kinds of materials.

  • Fence Erectors

    Erect and repair metal and wooden fences and fence gates around highways, industrial establishments, residences, or farms, using hand and power tools.

  • Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators

    Laminate layers of fiberglass on molds to form boat decks and hulls, bodies for golf carts, automobiles, or other products.

  • File Clerks

    File correspondence, cards, invoices, receipts, and other records in alphabetical or numerical order or according to the filing system used. Locate and remove material from file when requested.

  • Film and Video Editors

    Edit motion picture soundtracks, film, and video.

  • Financial Analysts

    Conduct quantitative analyses of information affecting investment programs of public or private institutions.

  • Financial Examiners

    Enforce or ensure compliance with laws and regulations governing financial and securities institutions and financial and real estate transactions. May examine, verify correctness of, or establish authenticity of records.

  • Financial Managers

    Plan, direct, and coordinate accounting, investing, banking, insurance, securities, and other financial activities of a branch, office, or department of an establishment.

  • Financial Managers, Branch or Department

    Direct and coordinate financial activities of workers in a branch, office, or department of an establishment, such as branch bank, brokerage firm, risk and insurance department, or credit department.

  • Financial Quantitative Analysts

    Develop quantitative financial products used to inform individuals and financial institutions engaged in saving, lending, investing, borrowing, or managing risk. Investigate methods for financial analysis to create mathematical models used to develop improved analytical tools and advanced financial investment instruments.

  • Financial Specialists, All Other

    All financial specialists not listed separately.

  • Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators

    Create original artwork using any of a wide variety of mediums and techniques, such as painting and sculpture.

  • Fire Fighters

    Control and extinguish fires or respond to emergency situations where life, property, or the environment is at risk. Duties may include fire prevention, emergency medical service, hazardous material response, search and rescue, and disaster management.

  • Fire Inspectors

    Inspect buildings and equipment to detect fire hazards and enforce state and local regulations.

  • Fire Inspectors and Investigators

    Inspect buildings to detect fire hazards and enforce local ordinances and State laws. Investigate and gather facts to determine cause of fires and explosions.

  • Fire Investigators

    Conduct investigations to determine causes of fires and explosions.

  • Fire-Prevention and Protection Engineers

    Research causes of fires, determine fire protection methods, and design or recommend materials or equipment such as structural components or fire-detection equipment to assist organizations in safeguarding life and property against fire, explosion, and related hazards.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Agricultural Crop and Horticultural Workers

    Directly supervise and coordinate activities of agricultural crop or horticultural workers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Air Crew Members

    Supervise and coordinate the activities of air crew members. Supervisors may also perform the same activities as the workers they supervise.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of All Other Tactical Operations Specialists

    Supervise and coordinate the activities of all other tactical operations specialists not classified separately above. Supervisors may also perform the same activities as the workers they supervise.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Animal Husbandry and Animal Care Workers

    Directly supervise and coordinate activities of animal husbandry or animal care workers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Aquacultural Workers

    Directly supervise and coordinate activities of aquacultural workers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers

    Directly supervise and coordinate activities of construction or extraction workers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers

    Supervise and coordinate activities of correctional officers and jailers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers

    Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of agricultural, forestry, aquacultural, and related workers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers

    Supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in fire fighting and fire prevention and control.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers

    Supervise workers engaged in preparing and serving food.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand

    Supervise and coordinate the activities of helpers, laborers, or material movers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers

    Supervise work activities of cleaning personnel in hotels, hospitals, offices, and other establishments.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers

    Plan, organize, direct, or coordinate activities of workers engaged in landscaping or groundskeeping activities, such as planting and maintaining ornamental trees, shrubs, flowers, and lawns, and applying fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals, according to contract specifications. May also coordinate activities of workers engaged in terracing hillsides, building retaining walls, constructing pathways, installing patios, and similar activities in following a landscape design plan. Work may involve reviewing contracts to ascertain service, machine, and work force requirements; answering inquiries from potential customers regarding methods, material, and price ranges; and preparing estimates according to labor, material, and machine costs.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Logging Workers

    Directly supervise and coordinate activities of logging workers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers

    Supervise and coordinate the activities of mechanics, installers, and repairers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers

    Directly supervise and coordinate activities of sales workers other than retail sales workers. May perform duties, such as budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, in addition to supervisory duties.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers

    Supervise and coordinate the activities of clerical and administrative support workers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers

    Supervise and coordinate activities of personal service workers, such as supervisors of flight attendants, hairdressers, or caddies.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives

    Supervise and coordinate activities of members of police force.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers

    Supervise and coordinate the activities of production and operating workers, such as inspectors, precision workers, machine setters and operators, assemblers, fabricators, and plant and system operators.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers

    Directly supervise sales workers in a retail establishment or department. Duties may include management functions, such as purchasing, budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, in addition to supervisory duties.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators

    Directly supervise and coordinate activities of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators and helpers.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Weapons Specialists/Crew Members

    Supervise and coordinate the activities of weapons specialists/crew members. Supervisors may also perform the same activities as the workers they supervise.

  • First-Line Supervisors/Managers, Protective Service Workers, All Other

    All protective service supervisors not listed separately above.

  • Fish and Game Wardens

    Patrol assigned area to prevent fish and game law violations. Investigate reports of damage to crops or property by wildlife. Compile biological data.

  • Fishers and Related Fishing Workers

    Use nets, fishing rods, traps, or other equipment to catch and gather fish or other aquatic animals from rivers, lakes, or oceans, for human consumption or other uses. May haul game onto ship.

  • Fitness and Wellness Coordinators

    Manage fitness and wellness programs and services. Direct and train staff of health educators, fitness instructors, or recreation workers.

  • Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors

    Instruct or coach groups or individuals in exercise activities and the fundamentals of sports. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. Observe participants and inform them of corrective measures necessary to improve their skills. Those required to hold teaching degrees should be reported in the appropriate teaching category.

  • Flight Attendants

    Provide personal services to ensure the safety and comfort of airline passengers during flight. Greet passengers, verify tickets, explain use of safety equipment, and serve food or beverages.

  • Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles

    Apply blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing, sound-deadening, or decorative coverings to floors.

  • Floor Sanders and Finishers

    Scrape and sand wooden floors to smooth surfaces using floor scraper and floor sanding machine, and apply coats of finish.

  • Floral Designers

    Design, cut, and arrange live, dried, or artificial flowers and foliage.

  • Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend food or tobacco roasting, baking, or drying equipment, including hearth ovens, kiln driers, roasters, char kilns, and vacuum drying equipment.

  • Food Batchmakers

    Set up and operate equipment that mixes or blends ingredients used in the manufacturing of food products. Includes candy makers and cheese makers.

  • Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend cooking equipment, such as steam cooking vats, deep fry cookers, pressure cookers, kettles, and boilers, to prepare food products.

  • Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other

    All food preparation and serving related workers not listed separately.

  • Food Preparation Workers

    Perform a variety of food preparation duties other than cooking, such as preparing cold foods and shellfish, slicing meat, and brewing coffee or tea.

  • Food Science Technicians

    Perform standardized qualitative and quantitative tests to determine physical or chemical properties of food or beverage products.

  • Food Scientists and Technologists

    Use chemistry, microbiology, engineering, and other sciences to study the principles underlying the processing and deterioration of foods; analyze food content to determine levels of vitamins, fat, sugar, and protein; discover new food sources; research ways to make processed foods safe, palatable, and healthful; and apply food science knowledge to determine best ways to process, package, preserve, store, and distribute food.

  • Food Servers, Nonrestaurant

    Serve food to patrons outside of a restaurant environment, such as in hotels, hospital rooms, or cars.

  • Food Service Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of an organization or department that serves food and beverages.

  • Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in foreign (i.e., other than English) languages and literature.

  • Forensic Science Technicians

    Collect, identify, classify, and analyze physical evidence related to criminal investigations. Perform tests on weapons or substances, such as fiber, hair, and tissue to determine significance to investigation. May testify as expert witnesses on evidence or crime laboratory techniques. May serve as specialists in area of expertise, such as ballistics, fingerprinting, handwriting, or biochemistry.

  • Forest and Conservation Technicians

    Compile data pertaining to size, content, condition, and other characteristics of forest tracts, under direction of foresters; train and lead forest workers in forest propagation, fire prevention and suppression. May assist conservation scientists in managing, improving, and protecting rangelands and wildlife habitats, and help provide technical assistance regarding the conservation of soil, water, and related natural resources.

  • Forest and Conservation Workers

    Under supervision, perform manual labor necessary to develop, maintain, or protect forest, forested areas, and woodlands through such activities as raising and transporting tree seedlings; combating insects, pests, and diseases harmful to trees; and building erosion and water control structures and leaching of forest soil. Includes forester aides, seedling pullers, and tree planters.

  • Forest Fire Fighters

    Control and suppress fires in forests or vacant public land.

  • Forest Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors

    Supervise fire fighters who control and suppress fires in forests or vacant public land.

  • Forest Fire Inspectors and Prevention Specialists

    Enforce fire regulations and inspect for forest fire hazards. Report forest fires and weather conditions.

  • Foresters

    Manage forested lands for economic, recreational, and conservation purposes. May inventory the type, amount, and location of standing timber, appraise the timber's worth, negotiate the purchase, and draw up contracts for procurement. May determine how to conserve wildlife habitats, creek beds, water quality, and soil stability, and how best to comply with environmental regulations. May devise plans for planting and growing new trees, monitor trees for healthy growth, and determine the best time for harvesting. Develop forest management plans for public and privately-owned forested lands.

  • Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in environmental and conservation science.

  • Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend forging machines to taper, shape, or form metal or plastic parts.

  • Foundry Mold and Coremakers

    Make or form wax or sand cores or molds used in the production of metal castings in foundries.

  • Fraud Examiners, Investigators and Analysts

    Obtain evidence, take statements, produce reports, and testify to findings regarding resolution of fraud allegations. May coordinate fraud detection and prevention activities.

  • Freight and Cargo Inspectors

    Inspect the handling, storage, and stowing of freight and cargoes.

  • Freight Forwarders

    Research rates, routings, or modes of transport for shipment of products. Maintain awareness of regulations affecting the international movement of cargo. Make arrangements for additional services such as storage and inland transportation.

  • Fuel Cell Engineers

    Design, evaluate, modify, and construct fuel cell components and systems for transportation, stationary, or portable applications.

  • Fuel Cell Technicians

    Install, operate, and maintain integrated fuel cell systems in transportation, stationary, or portable applications.

  • Funeral Attendants

    Perform variety of tasks during funeral, such as placing casket in parlor or chapel prior to service; arranging floral offerings or lights around casket; directing or escorting mourners; closing casket; and issuing and storing funeral equipment.

  • Funeral Directors

    Perform various tasks to arrange and direct funeral services, such as coordinating transportation of body to mortuary for embalming, interviewing family or other authorized person to arrange details, selecting pallbearers, procuring official for religious rites, and providing transportation for mourners.

  • Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities, such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.

  • Furniture Finishers

    Shape, finish, and refinish damaged, worn, or used furniture or new high-grade furniture to specified color or finish.

  • Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners

    Assist in the operation of games such as keno and bingo. Scan winning tickets presented by patrons, calculate amount of winnings and pay patrons. May operate keno and bingo equipment. May start gaming equipment that randomly selects numbers. May announce number selected until total numbers specified for each game are selected. May pick up tickets from players, collect bets, receive, verify and record patrons' cash wagers.

  • Gaming Cage Workers

    In a gaming establishment, conduct financial transactions for patrons. May reconcile daily summaries of transactions to balance books. Accept patron's credit application and verify credit references to provide check-cashing authorization or to establish house credit accounts. May sell gambling chips, tokens, or tickets to patrons, or to other workers for resale to patrons. May convert gaming chips, tokens, or tickets to currency upon patron's request. May use a cash register or computer to record transaction.

  • Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers

    Exchange coins and tokens for patrons' money. May issue payoffs and obtain customer's signature on receipt when winnings exceed the amount held in the slot machine. May operate a booth in the slot machine area and furnish change persons with money bank at the start of the shift, or count and audit money in drawers.

  • Gaming Dealers

    Operate table games. Stand or sit behind table and operate games of chance by dispensing the appropriate number of cards or blocks to players, or operating other gaming equipment. Compare the house's hand against players' hands and payoff or collect players' money or chips.

  • Gaming Managers

    Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate gaming operations in a casino. Formulate gaming policies for their area of responsibility.

  • Gaming Service Workers, All Other

    All Gaming Service Workers not listed separately.

  • Gaming Supervisors

    Supervise gaming operations and personnel in an assigned area. Circulate among tables and observe operations. Ensure that stations and games are covered for each shift. May explain and interpret operating rules of house to patrons. May plan and organize activities and create friendly atmosphere for guests in hotels/casinos. May adjust service complaints.

  • Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators

    Act as oversight and security agent for management and customers. Observe casino or casino hotel operation for irregular activities such as cheating or theft by either employees or patrons. May utilize one-way mirrors above the casino floor, cashier's cage, and from desk. Use of audio/video equipment is also common to observe operation of the business. Usually required to provide verbal and written reports of all violations and suspicious behavior to supervisor.

  • Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators

    Operate steam, gas, electric motor, or internal combustion engine driven compressors. Transmit, compress, or recover gases, such as butane, nitrogen, hydrogen, and natural gas.

  • Gas Plant Operators

    Distribute or process gas for utility companies and others by controlling compressors to maintain specified pressures on main pipelines.

  • Gem and Diamond Workers

    Fabricate, finish, or evaluate the quality of gems and diamonds used in jewelry or industrial tools.

  • General and Operations Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate the operations of companies or public and private sector organizations. Duties and responsibilities include formulating policies, managing daily operations, and planning the use of materials and human resources, but are too diverse and general in nature to be classified in any one functional area of management or administration, such as personnel, purchasing, or administrative services. Includes owners and managers who head small business establishments whose duties are primarily managerial.

  • Genetic Counselors

    Assess individual or family risk for a variety of inherited conditions, such as genetic disorders and birth defects. Provide information to other health care providers or to individuals and families concerned with the risk of inherited conditions. Advise individuals and families to support informed decision making and coping methods for those at risk. May help conduct research related to genetic conditions or genetic counseling.

  • Geneticists

    Research and study the inheritance of traits at the molecular, organism or population level. May evaluate or treat patients with genetic disorders.

  • Geodetic Surveyors

    Measure large areas of the Earth's surface using satellite observations, global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), light detection and ranging (LIDAR), or related sources.

  • Geographers

    Study nature and use of areas of earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.

  • Geographic Information Systems Technicians

    Assist scientists, technologists, and related professionals in building, maintaining, modifying, and using geographic information systems (GIS) databases. May also perform some custom application development and provide user support.

  • Geography Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in geography.

  • Geological and Petroleum Technicians

    Assist scientists in the use of electrical, sonic, or nuclear measuring instruments in both laboratory and production activities to obtain data indicating potential sources of metallic ore, gas, or petroleum. Analyze mud and drill cuttings. Chart pressure, temperature, and other characteristics of wells or bore holes. Investigate and collect information leading to the possible discovery of new oil fields.

  • Geological Sample Test Technicians

    Test and analyze geological samples, crude oil, or petroleum products to detect presence of petroleum, gas, or mineral deposits indicating potential for exploration and production, or to determine physical and chemical properties to ensure that products meet quality standards.

  • Geophysical Data Technicians

    Measure, record, and evaluate geological data, using sonic, electronic, electrical, seismic, or gravity-measuring instruments to prospect for oil or gas. May collect and evaluate core samples and cuttings.

  • Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

    Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.

  • Geospatial Information Scientists and Technologists

    Research and develop geospatial technologies. May produce databases, perform applications programming or coordinate projects. May specialize in areas such as agriculture, mining, health care, retail trade, urban planning or military intelligence.

  • Geothermal Production Managers

    Manage operations at geothermal power generation facilities. Maintain and monitor geothermal plant equipment for efficient and safe plant operations.

  • Geothermal Technicians

    Perform technical activities at power plants or individual installations necessary for the generation of power from geothermal energy sources. Monitor and control operating activities at geothermal power generation facilities and perform maintenance and repairs as necessary. Install, test, and maintain residential and commercial geothermal heat pumps.

  • Glass Blowers, Molders, Benders, and Finishers

    Shape molten glass according to patterns.

  • Glaziers

    Install glass in windows, skylights, store fronts, and display cases, or on surfaces, such as building fronts, interior walls, ceilings, and tabletops.

  • Government Property Inspectors and Investigators

    Investigate or inspect government property to ensure compliance with contract agreements and government regulations.

  • Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products

    Grade, sort, or classify unprocessed food and other agricultural products by size, weight, color, or condition.

  • Graduate Teaching Assistants

    Assist department chairperson, faculty members, or other professional staff members in college or university by performing teaching or teaching-related duties, such as teaching lower level courses, developing teaching materials, preparing and giving examinations, and grading examinations or papers. Graduate assistants must be enrolled in a graduate school program. Graduate assistants who primarily perform non-teaching duties, such as laboratory research, should be reported in the occupational category related to the work performed.

  • Graphic Designers

    Design or create graphics to meet specific commercial or promotional needs, such as packaging, displays, or logos. May use a variety of mediums to achieve artistic or decorative effects.

  • Green Marketers

    Create and implement methods to market green products and services.

  • Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand

    Grind, sand, or polish, using hand tools or hand-held power tools, a variety of metal, wood, stone, clay, plastic, or glass objects.

  • Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend grinding and related tools that remove excess material or burrs from surfaces, sharpen edges or corners, or buff, hone, or polish metal or plastic work pieces.

  • Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other

    All grounds maintenance workers not listed separately.

  • Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists

    Provide beauty services, such as shampooing, cutting, coloring, and styling hair, and massaging and treating scalp. May also apply makeup, dress wigs, perform hair removal, and provide nail and skin care services.

  • Hazardous Materials Removal Workers

    Identify, remove, pack, transport, or dispose of hazardous materials, including asbestos, lead-based paint, waste oil, fuel, transmission fluid, radioactive materials, contaminated soil, etc. Specialized training and certification in hazardous materials handling or a confined entry permit are generally required. May operate earth-moving equipment or trucks.

  • Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors

    Promote worksite or product safety by applying knowledge of industrial processes, mechanics, chemistry, psychology, and industrial health and safety laws.

  • Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other

    All health diagnosing and treating practitioners not listed separately.

  • Health Educators

    Promote, maintain, and improve individual and community health by assisting individuals and communities to adopt healthy behaviors. Collect and analyze data to identify community needs prior to planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating programs designed to encourage healthy lifestyles, policies and environments. May also serve as a resource to assist individuals, other professionals, or the community, and may administer fiscal resources for health education programs.

  • Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in health specialties, such as veterinary medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, therapy, laboratory technology, and public health.

  • Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other

    All health technologists and technicians not listed separately.

  • Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other

    All healthcare practitioners and technical workers not listed separately.

  • Healthcare Support Workers, All Other

    All healthcare support workers not listed separately.

  • Hearing Aid Specialists

    Select and fit hearing aids for customers. Administer and interpret tests of hearing. Assess hearing instrument efficacy. Take ear impressions and prepare, design, and modify ear molds.

  • Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend heating equipment, such as heat-treating furnaces, flame-hardening machines, induction machines, soaking pits, or vacuum equipment to temper, harden, anneal, or heat-treat metal or plastic objects.

  • Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers

    Install, service, and repair heating and air conditioning systems in residences and commercial establishments.

  • Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers

    Install or repair heating, central air conditioning, or refrigeration systems, including oil burners, hot-air furnaces, and heating stoves.

  • Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other

    All construction trades helpers not listed separately.

  • Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters

    Help brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, or tile and marble setters by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.

  • Helpers--Carpenters

    Help carpenters by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.

  • Helpers--Electricians

    Help electricians by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.

  • Helpers--Extraction Workers

    Help extraction craft workers, such as earth drillers, blasters and explosives workers, derrick operators, and mining machine operators, by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include supplying equipment or cleaning work area.

  • Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers

    Help installation, maintenance, and repair workers in maintenance, parts replacement, and repair of vehicles, industrial machinery, and electrical and electronic equipment. Perform duties, such as furnishing tools, materials, and supplies to other workers; cleaning work area, machines, and tools; and holding materials or tools for other workers.

  • Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons

    Help painters, paperhangers, plasterers, or stucco masons by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.

  • Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters

    Help plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters, or pipelayers by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.

  • Helpers--Production Workers

    Help production workers by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.

  • Helpers--Roofers

    Help roofers by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.

  • Highway Maintenance Workers

    Maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way. Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway.

  • Historians

    Research, analyze, record, and interpret the past as recorded in sources, such as government and institutional records, newspapers and other periodicals, photographs, interviews, films, and unpublished manuscripts, such as personal diaries and letters.

  • History Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in human history and historiography.

  • Histotechnologists and Histologic Technicians

    Prepare histologic slides from tissue sections for microscopic examination and diagnosis by pathologists. May assist in research studies.

  • Hoist and Winch Operators

    Operate or tend hoists or winches to lift and pull loads using power-operated cable equipment.

  • Home Appliance Repairers

    Repair, adjust, or install all types of electric or gas household appliances, such as refrigerators, washers, dryers, and ovens.

  • Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in child care, family relations, finance, nutrition, and related subjects as pertaining to home management.

  • Home Health Aides

    Provide routine, personal healthcare, such as bathing, dressing, or grooming, to elderly, convalescent, or disabled persons in the home of patients or in a residential care facility.

  • Hospitalists

    Provide inpatient care predominantly in settings such as medical wards, acute care units, intensive care units, rehabilitation centers, or emergency rooms. Manage and coordinate patient care throughout treatment.

  • Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop

    Welcome patrons, seat them at tables or in lounge, and help ensure quality of facilities and service.

  • Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks

    Accommodate hotel, motel, and resort patrons by registering and assigning rooms to guests, issuing room keys, transmitting and receiving messages, keeping records of occupied rooms and guests' accounts, making and confirming reservations, and presenting statements to and collecting payments from departing guests.

  • Human Factors Engineers and Ergonomists

    Design objects, facilities, and environments to optimize human well-being and overall system performance, applying theory, principles, and data regarding the relationship between humans and respective technology. Investigate and analyze characteristics of human behavior and performance as it relates to the use of technology.

  • Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping

    Compile and keep personnel records. Record data for each employee, such as address, weekly earnings, absences, amount of sales or production, supervisory reports on ability, and date of and reason for termination. Compile and type reports from employment records. File employment records. Search employee files and furnish information to authorized persons.

  • Human Resources Managers

    Plan, direct, and coordinate human resource management activities of an organization to maximize the strategic use of human resources and maintain functions such as employee compensation, recruitment, personnel policies, and regulatory compliance.

  • Human Resources Managers, All Other

    All Human Resources Managers not listed separately.

  • Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other

    All human resources, training, and labor relations specialists not listed separately.

  • Hunters and Trappers

    Hunt and trap wild animals for human consumption, fur, feed, bait, or other purposes.

  • Hydroelectric Plant Technicians

    Monitor and control activities associated with hydropower generation. Operate plant equipment, such as turbines, pumps, valves, gates, fans, electric control boards, and battery banks. Monitor equipment operation and performance and make necessary adjustments to ensure optimal performance. Perform equipment maintenance and repair as necessary.

  • Hydroelectric Production Managers

    Manage operations at hydroelectric power generation facilities. Maintain and monitor hydroelectric plant equipment for efficient and safe plant operations.

  • Hydrologists

    Research the distribution, circulation, and physical properties of underground and surface waters; study the form and intensity of precipitation, its rate of infiltration into the soil, movement through the earth, and its return to the ocean and atmosphere.

  • Immigration and Customs Inspectors

    Investigate and inspect persons, common carriers, goods, and merchandise, arriving in or departing from the United States or between states to detect violations of immigration and customs laws and regulations.

  • Industrial Ecologists

    Study or investigate industrial production and natural ecosystems to achieve high production, sustainable resources, and environmental safety or protection. May apply principles and activities of natural ecosystems to develop models for industrial systems.

  • Industrial Engineering Technicians

    Apply engineering theory and principles to problems of industrial layout or manufacturing production, usually under the direction of engineering staff. May study and record time, motion, method, and speed involved in performance of production, maintenance, clerical, and other worker operations for such purposes as establishing standard production rates or improving efficiency.

  • Industrial Engineering Technologists

    Apply engineering theory and technical skills to support industrial engineering activities such as quality control, inventory control and material flow methods. May conduct statistical studies and analyze production costs.

  • Industrial Engineers

    Design, develop, test, and evaluate integrated systems for managing industrial production processes including human work factors, quality control, inventory control, logistics and material flow, cost analysis, and production coordination.

  • Industrial Machinery Mechanics

    Repair, install, adjust, or maintain industrial production and processing machinery or refinery and pipeline distribution systems.

  • Industrial Production Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate the work activities and resources necessary for manufacturing products in accordance with cost, quality, and quantity specifications.

  • Industrial Safety and Health Engineers

    Plan, implement, and coordinate safety programs, requiring application of engineering principles and technology, to prevent or correct unsafe environmental working conditions.

  • Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators

    Operate industrial trucks or tractors equipped to move materials around a warehouse, storage yard, factory, construction site, or similar location.

  • Industrial-Organizational Psychologists

    Apply principles of psychology to personnel, administration, management, sales, and marketing problems. Activities may include policy planning; employee screening, training and development; and organizational development and analysis. May work with management to reorganize the work setting to improve worker productivity.

  • Infantry

    Operate weapons and equipment in ground combat operations. Duties include operating and maintaining weapons, such as rifles, machine guns, mortars, and hand grenades; locating, constructing, and camouflaging infantry positions and equipment; evaluating terrain and recording topographical information; operating and maintaining field communications equipment; assessing need for and directing supporting fire; placing explosives and performing minesweeping activities on land; and participating in basic reconnaissance operations.

  • Infantry Officers

    Direct, train, and lead infantry units in ground combat operations. Duties include directing deployment of infantry weapons, vehicles, and equipment; directing location, construction, and camouflage of infantry positions and equipment; managing field communications operations; coordinating with armor, artillery, and air support units; performing strategic and tactical planning, including battle plan development; and leading basic reconnaissance operations.

  • Informatics Nurse Specialists

    Apply knowledge of nursing and informatics to assist in the design, development, and ongoing modification of computerized health care systems. May educate staff and assist in problem solving to promote the implementation of the health care system.

  • Information and Record Clerks, All Other

    All information and record clerks not listed separately.

  • Information Technology Project Managers

    Plan, initiate, and manage information technology (IT) projects. Lead and guide the work of technical staff. Serve as liaison between business and technical aspects of projects. Plan project stages and assess business implications for each stage. Monitor progress to assure deadlines, standards, and cost targets are met.

  • Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers

    Inspect, test, sort, sample, or weigh nonagricultural raw materials or processed, machined, fabricated, or assembled parts or products for defects, wear, and deviations from specifications. May use precision measuring instruments and complex test equipment.

  • Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other

    All mechanical, installation, and repair workers and helpers not listed separately.

  • Instructional Coordinators

    Develop instructional material, coordinate educational content, and incorporate current technology in specialized fields that provide guidelines to educators and instructors for developing curricula and conducting courses.

  • Instructional Designers and Technologists

    Develop instructional materials and products and assist in the technology-based redesign of courses. Assist faculty in learning about, becoming proficient in, and applying instructional technology.

  • Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall

    Line and cover structures with insulating materials. May work with batt, roll, or blown insulation materials.

  • Insulation Workers, Mechanical

    Apply insulating materials to pipes or ductwork, or other mechanical systems in order to help control and maintain temperature.

  • Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators

    Investigate, analyze, and determine the extent of insurance company's liability concerning personal, casualty, or property loss or damages, and attempt to effect settlement with claimants. Correspond with or interview medical specialists, agents, witnesses, or claimants to compile information. Calculate benefit payments and approve payment of claims within a certain monetary limit.

  • Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage

    Appraise automobile or other vehicle damage to determine cost of repair for insurance claim settlement and seek agreement with automotive repair shop on cost of repair. Prepare insurance forms to indicate repair cost or cost estimates and recommendations.

  • Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks

    Process new insurance policies, modifications to existing policies, and claims forms. Obtain information from policyholders to verify the accuracy and completeness of information on claims forms, applications and related documents, and company records. Update existing policies and company records to reflect changes requested by policyholders and insurance company representatives.

  • Insurance Claims Clerks

    Obtain information from insured or designated persons for purpose of settling claim with insurance carrier.

  • Insurance Policy Processing Clerks

    Process applications for, changes to, reinstatement of, and cancellation of insurance policies. Duties include reviewing insurance applications to ensure that all questions have been answered, compiling data on insurance policy changes, changing policy records to conform to insured party's specifications, compiling data on lapsed insurance policies to determine automatic reinstatement according to company policies, canceling insurance policies as requested by agents, and verifying the accuracy of insurance company records.

  • Insurance Sales Agents

    Sell life, property, casualty, health, automotive, or other types of insurance. May refer clients to independent brokers, work as independent broker, or be employed by an insurance company.

  • Insurance Underwriters

    Review individual applications for insurance to evaluate degree of risk involved and determine acceptance of applications.

  • Intelligence Analysts

    Gather, analyze, and evaluate information from a variety of sources, such as law enforcement databases, surveillance, intelligence networks and geographic information systems. Use data to anticipate and prevent organized crime activities, such as terrorism.

  • Interior Designers

    Plan, design, and furnish interiors of residential, commercial, or industrial buildings. Formulate design which is practical, aesthetic, and conducive to intended purposes, such as raising productivity, selling merchandise, or improving life style. May specialize in a particular field, style, or phase of interior design.

  • Internists, General

    Diagnose and provide non-surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of internal organ systems. Provide care mainly for adults who have a wide range of problems associated with the internal organs.

  • Interpreters and Translators

    Translate or interpret written, oral, or sign language text into another language for others.

  • Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan

    Interview persons by telephone, mail, in person, or by other means for the purpose of completing forms, applications, or questionnaires. Ask specific questions, record answers, and assist persons with completing form. May sort, classify, and file forms.

  • Investment Fund Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate investment strategy or operations for a large pool of liquid assets supplied by institutional investors or individual investors.

  • Investment Underwriters

    Intermediate between corporate issuers of securities and clients regarding private equity investments. Underwrite the issuance of securities to provide capital for client growth. Negotiate and structure the terms of mergers and acquisitions.

  • Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners

    Keep buildings in clean and orderly condition. Perform heavy cleaning duties, such as cleaning floors, shampooing rugs, washing walls and glass, and removing rubbish. Duties may include tending furnace and boiler, performing routine maintenance activities, notifying management of need for repairs, and cleaning snow or debris from sidewalk.

  • Jewelers

    Fabricate and repair jewelry articles. Make models or molds to create jewelry items.

  • Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers

    Design, fabricate, adjust, repair, or appraise jewelry, gold, silver, other precious metals, or gems. Includes diamond polishers and gem cutters and persons who perform precision casting and modeling of molds, casting metal in molds, or setting precious and semi-precious stones for jewelry and related products.

  • Job Printers

    Set type according to copy; operate press to print job order; and read proof for errors and clarity of impression, and correct imperfections. Job printers are often found in small establishments where work combines several job skills.

  • Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates

    Arbitrate, advise, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. May issue marriage licenses and perform wedding ceremonies.

  • Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education

    Teach elemental natural and social science, personal hygiene, music, art, and literature to children from 4 to 6 years old. Promote physical, mental, and social development. May be required to hold State certification.

  • Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand

    Manually move freight, stock, or other materials or perform other unskilled general labor. Includes all unskilled manual laborers not elsewhere classified.

  • Landscape Architects

    Plan and design land areas for such projects as parks and other recreational facilities, airports, highways, hospitals, schools, land subdivisions, and commercial, industrial, and residential sites.

  • Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers

    Landscape or maintain grounds of property using hand or power tools or equipment. Workers typically perform a variety of tasks, which may include any combination of the following: sod laying, mowing, trimming, planting, watering, fertilizing, digging, raking, sprinkler installation, and installation of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units.

  • Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend lathe and turning machines to turn, bore, thread, form, or face metal or plastic materials, such as wire, rod, or bar stock.

  • Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers

    Operate or tend washing or dry-cleaning machines to wash or dry-clean industrial or household articles, such as cloth garments, suede, leather, furs, blankets, draperies, fine linens, rugs, and carpets.

  • Law Clerks

    Assist lawyers or judges by researching or preparing legal documents. May meet with clients or assist lawyers and judges in court.

  • Law Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in law.

  • Lawyers

    Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, and manage or advise clients on legal transactions. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law.

  • Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic

    Lay out reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or workpieces, such as sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or machine parts, for further processing. Includes shipfitters.

  • Legal Secretaries

    Perform secretarial duties utilizing legal terminology, procedures, and documents. Prepare legal papers and correspondence, such as summonses, complaints, motions, and subpoenas. May also assist with legal research.

  • Legal Support Workers, All Other

    All legal support workers not listed separately.

  • Legislators

    Develop laws and statutes at the Federal, State, or local level.

  • Librarians

    Administer libraries and perform related library services. Work in a variety of settings, including public libraries, schools, colleges and universities, museums, corporations, government agencies, law firms, non-profit organizations, and healthcare providers. Tasks may include selecting, acquiring, cataloguing, classifying, circulating, and maintaining library materials; and furnishing reference, bibliographical, and readers' advisory services. May perform in-depth, strategic research, and synthesize, analyze, edit, and filter information. May set up or work with databases and information systems to catalogue and access information.

  • Library Assistants, Clerical

    Compile records, sort and shelve books, and issue and receive library materials such as pictures, cards, slides and microfilm. Locate library materials for loan and replace material in shelving area, stacks, or files according to identification number and title. Register patrons to permit them to borrow books, periodicals, and other library materials.

  • Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in library science.

  • Library Technicians

    Assist librarians by helping readers in the use of library catalogs, databases, and indexes to locate books and other materials; and by answering questions that require only brief consultation of standard reference. Compile records; sort and shelve books; remove or repair damaged books; register patrons; check materials in and out of the circulation process. Replace materials in shelving area (stacks) or files. Includes bookmobile drivers who operate bookmobiles or light trucks that pull trailers to specific locations on a predetermined schedule and assist with providing services in mobile libraries.

  • License Clerks

    Issue licenses or permits to qualified applicants. Obtain necessary information; record data; advise applicants on requirements; collect fees; and issue licenses. May conduct oral, written, visual, or performance testing.

  • Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

    Care for ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled persons in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and similar institutions. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. Licensing required.

  • Licensing Examiners and Inspectors

    Examine, evaluate, and investigate eligibility for, conformity with, or liability under licenses or permits.

  • Life Scientists, All Other

    All life scientists not listed separately.

  • Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other

    All life, physical, and social science technicians not listed separately.

  • Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers

    Monitor recreational areas, such as pools, beaches, or ski slopes to provide assistance and protection to participants.

  • Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining

    Operate underground loading machine to load coal, ore, or rock into shuttle or mine car or onto conveyors. Loading equipment may include power shovels, hoisting engines equipped with cable-drawn scraper or scoop, or machines equipped with gathering arms and conveyor.

  • Loan Counselors

    Provide guidance to prospective loan applicants who have problems qualifying for traditional loans. Guidance may include determining the best type of loan and explaining loan requirements or restrictions.

  • Loan Interviewers and Clerks

    Interview loan applicants to elicit information; investigate applicants' backgrounds and verify references; prepare loan request papers; and forward findings, reports, and documents to appraisal department. Review loan papers to ensure completeness, and complete transactions between loan establishment, borrowers, and sellers upon approval of loan.

  • Loan Officers

    Evaluate, authorize, or recommend approval of commercial, real estate, or credit loans. Advise borrowers on financial status and methods of payments. Includes mortgage loan officers and agents, collection analysts, loan servicing officers, and loan underwriters.

  • Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants

    Provide personal items to patrons or customers in locker rooms, dressing rooms, or coatrooms.

  • Locksmiths and Safe Repairers

    Repair and open locks; make keys; change locks and safe combinations; and install and repair safes.

  • Locomotive Engineers

    Drive electric, diesel-electric, steam, or gas-turbine-electric locomotives to transport passengers or freight. Interpret train orders, electronic or manual signals, and railroad rules and regulations.

  • Locomotive Firers

    Monitor locomotive instruments and watch for dragging equipment, obstacles on rights-of-way, and train signals during run. Watch for and relay traffic signals from yard workers to yard engineer in railroad yard.

  • Lodging Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of an organization or department that provides lodging and other accommodations.

  • Log Graders and Scalers

    Grade logs or estimate the marketable content or value of logs or pulpwood in sorting yards, millpond, log deck, or similar locations. Inspect logs for defects or measure logs to determine volume.

  • Logging Equipment Operators

    Drive logging tractor or wheeled vehicle equipped with one or more accessories, such as bulldozer blade, frontal shear, grapple, logging arch, cable winches, hoisting rack, or crane boom, to fell tree; to skid, load, unload, or stack logs; or to pull stumps or clear brush.

  • Logging Workers, All Other

    All logging workers not listed separately.

  • Logisticians

    Analyze and coordinate the logistical functions of a firm or organization. Responsible for the entire life cycle of a product, including acquisition, distribution, internal allocation, delivery, and final disposal of resources.

  • Logistics Analysts

    Analyze product delivery or supply chain processes to identify or recommend changes. May manage route activity including invoicing, electronic bills, and shipment tracing.

  • Logistics Engineers

    Design and analyze operational solutions for projects such as transportation optimization, network modeling, process and methods analysis, cost containment, capacity enhancement, routing and shipment optimization, and information management.

  • Logistics Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate purchasing, warehousing, distribution, forecasting, customer service, or planning services. Manage logistics personnel and logistics systems and direct daily operations.

  • Loss Prevention Managers

    Plan and direct policies, procedures, or systems to prevent the loss of assets. Determine risk exposure or potential liability, and develop risk control measures.

  • Loss Prevention Specialists

    Implement procedures and systems to prevent merchandise loss. Conduct audits and investigations of employee activity. May assist in developing policies, procedures, and systems for safeguarding assets.

  • Low Vision Therapists, Orientation and Mobility Specialists, and Vision Rehabilitation Therapists

    Provide therapy to patients with visual impairments to improve their functioning in daily life activities. May train patients in activities such as computer use, communication skills, or home management skills.

  • Machine Feeders and Offbearers

    Feed materials into or remove materials from machines or equipment that is automatic or tended by other workers.

  • Machinists

    Set up and operate a variety of machine tools to produce precision parts and instruments. Includes precision instrument makers who fabricate, modify, or repair mechanical instruments. May also fabricate and modify parts to make or repair machine tools or maintain industrial machines, applying knowledge of mechanics, shop mathematics, metal properties, layout, and machining procedures.

  • Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners

    Perform any combination of light cleaning duties to maintain private households or commercial establishments, such as hotels, restaurants, and hospitals, in a clean and orderly manner. Duties include making beds, replenishing linens, cleaning rooms and halls, and vacuuming.

  • Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service

    Prepare incoming and outgoing mail for distribution. Use hand or mail handling machines to time stamp, open, read, sort, and route incoming mail; and address, seal, stamp, fold, stuff, and affix postage to outgoing mail or packages. Duties may also include keeping necessary records and completed forms.

  • Maintenance and Repair Workers, General

    Perform work involving the skills of two or more maintenance or craft occupations to keep machines, mechanical equipment, or the structure of an establishment in repair. Duties may involve pipe fitting; boiler making; insulating; welding; machining; carpentry; repairing electrical or mechanical equipment; installing, aligning, and balancing new equipment; and repairing buildings, floors, or stairs.

  • Maintenance Workers, Machinery

    Lubricate machinery, change parts, or perform other routine machinery maintenance.

  • Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance

    Apply makeup to performers to reflect period, setting, and situation of their role.

  • Management Analysts

    Conduct organizational studies and evaluations, design systems and procedures, conduct work simplifications and measurement studies, and prepare operations and procedures manuals to assist management in operating more efficiently and effectively. Includes program analysts and management consultants.

  • Managers, All Other

    All managers not listed separately.

  • Manicurists and Pedicurists

    Clean and shape customers' fingernails and toenails. May polish or decorate nails.

  • Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers

    Move or install mobile homes or prefabricated buildings.

  • Manufacturing Engineering Technologists

    Apply engineering theory and technical skills to support manufacturing engineering activities. Develop tools, implement designs and integrate machinery, equipment and computer technologies to ensure effective manufacturing processes.

  • Manufacturing Engineers

    Apply knowledge of materials and engineering theory and methods to design, integrate, and improve manufacturing systems or related processes. May work with commercial or industrial designers to refine product designs to increase producibility and decrease costs.

  • Manufacturing Production Technicians

    Apply knowledge of manufacturing engineering systems and tools to set up, test, and adjust manufacturing machinery and equipment, using any combination of electrical, electronic, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic and computer technologies.

  • Mapping Technicians

    Calculate mapmaking information from field notes, and draw and verify accuracy of topographical maps.

  • Marine Architects

    Design and oversee construction and repair of marine craft and floating structures such as ships, barges, tugs, dredges, submarines, torpedoes, floats, and buoys. May confer with marine engineers.

  • Marine Engineers

    Design, develop, and take responsibility for the installation of ship machinery and related equipment including propulsion machines and power supply systems.

  • Marine Engineers and Naval Architects

    Design, develop, and evaluate the operation of marine vessels, ship machinery, and related equipment, such as power supply and propulsion systems.

  • Market Research Analysts

    Research market conditions in local, regional, or national areas to determine potential sales of a product or service. May gather information on competitors, prices, sales, and methods of marketing and distribution. May use survey results to create a marketing campaign based on regional preferences and buying habits.

  • Marketing Managers

    Determine the demand for products and services offered by a firm and its competitors and identify potential customers. Develop pricing strategies with the goal of maximizing the firm's profits or share of the market while ensuring the firm's customers are satisfied. Oversee product development or monitor trends that indicate the need for new products and services.

  • Marking Clerks

    Print and attach price tickets to articles of merchandise using one or several methods, such as marking price on tickets by hand or using ticket-printing machine.

  • Marriage and Family Therapists

    Diagnose and treat mental and emotional disorders, whether cognitive, affective, or behavioral, within the context of marriage and family systems. Apply psychotherapeutic and family systems theories and techniques in the delivery of professional services to individuals, couples, and families for the purpose of treating such diagnosed nervous and mental disorders.

  • Massage Therapists

    Massage customers for hygienic or remedial purposes.

  • Material Moving Workers, All Other

    All material moving workers not listed separately.

  • Materials Engineers

    Evaluate materials and develop machinery and processes to manufacture materials for use in products that must meet specialized design and performance specifications. Develop new uses for known materials. Includes those working with composite materials or specializing in one type of material, such as graphite, metal and metal alloys, ceramics and glass, plastics and polymers, and naturally occurring materials.

  • Materials Scientists

    Research and study the structures and chemical properties of various natural and manmade materials, including metals, alloys, rubber, ceramics, semiconductors, polymers, and glass. Determine ways to strengthen or combine materials or develop new materials with new or specific properties for use in a variety of products and applications.

  • Mates- Ship, Boat, and Barge

    Supervise and coordinate activities of crew aboard ships, boats, barges, or dredges.

  • Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other

    All mathematical scientists not listed separately.

  • Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses pertaining to mathematical concepts, statistics, and actuarial science and to the application of original and standardized mathematical techniques in solving specific problems and situations.

  • Mathematical Technicians

    Apply standardized mathematical formulas, principles, and methodology to technological problems in engineering and physical sciences in relation to specific industrial and research objectives, processes, equipment, and products.

  • Mathematicians

    Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve or direct solutions to problems in various fields by mathematical methods.

  • Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers

    Use hand tools to perform routine cutting and trimming of meat, poultry, and fish.

  • Mechanical Door Repairers

    Install, service, or repair opening and closing mechanisms of automatic doors and hydraulic door closers. Includes garage door mechanics.

  • Mechanical Drafters

    Prepare detailed working diagrams of machinery and mechanical devices, including dimensions, fastening methods, and other engineering information.

  • Mechanical Engineering Technicians

    Apply theory and principles of mechanical engineering to modify, develop, and test machinery and equipment under direction of engineering staff or physical scientists.

  • Mechanical Engineering Technologists

    Apply engineering theory and technical skills to support mechanical engineering activities such as generation, transmission and use of mechanical and fluid energy. Prepare layouts of machinery and equipment and plan the flow of work. May conduct statistical studies and analyze production costs.

  • Mechanical Engineers

    Perform engineering duties in planning and designing tools, engines, machines, and other mechanically functioning equipment. Oversee installation, operation, maintenance, and repair of such equipment as centralized heat, gas, water, and steam systems.

  • Mechatronics Engineers

    Apply knowledge of mechanical, electrical, and computer engineering theory and methods to the design of automation, intelligent systems, smart devices, or industrial systems control.

  • Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other

    All media and communication equipment workers not listed separately.

  • Media and Communication Workers, All Other

    All media and communication workers not listed separately.

  • Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians

    Perform routine medical laboratory tests for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May work under the supervision of a medical technologist.

  • Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

    Perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May train or supervise staff.

  • Medical and Health Services Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate medicine and health services in hospitals, clinics, managed care organizations, public health agencies, or similar organizations.

  • Medical and Public Health Social Workers

    Provide persons, families, or vulnerable populations with the psychosocial support needed to cope with chronic, acute, or terminal illnesses, such as Alzheimer's, cancer, or AIDS. Services include advising family care givers, providing patient education and counseling, and making necessary referrals for other social services.

  • Medical Appliance Technicians

    Construct, fit, maintain, or repair medical supportive devices, such as braces, artificial limbs, joints, arch supports, and other surgical and medical appliances.

  • Medical Assistants

    Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of physician. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding for insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording vital signs and medical histories, preparing patients for examination, drawing blood, and administering medications as directed by physician.

  • Medical Equipment Preparers

    Prepare, sterilize, install, or clean laboratory or healthcare equipment. May perform routine laboratory tasks and operate or inspect equipment.

  • Medical Equipment Repairers

    Test, adjust, or repair biomedical or electromedical equipment.

  • Medical Records and Health Information Technicians

    Compile, process, and maintain medical records of hospital and clinic patients in a manner consistent with medical, administrative, ethical, legal, and regulatory requirements of the health care system. Process, maintain, compile, and report patient information for health requirements and standards.

  • Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists

    Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation or other research, production, technical writing, or related activities.

  • Medical Secretaries

    Perform secretarial duties utilizing specific knowledge of medical terminology and hospital, clinic, or laboratory procedures. Duties include scheduling appointments, billing patients, and compiling and recording medical charts, reports, and correspondence.

  • Medical Transcriptionists

    Use transcribing machines with headset and foot pedal to listen to recordings by physicians and other healthcare professionals dictating a variety of medical reports, such as emergency room visits, diagnostic imaging studies, operations, chart reviews, and final summaries. Transcribe dictated reports and translate medical jargon and abbreviations into their expanded forms. Edit as necessary and return reports in either printed or electronic form to the dictator for review and signature, or correction.

  • Meeting and Convention Planners

    Coordinate activities of staff and convention personnel to make arrangements for group meetings and conventions.

  • Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers

    Assess and treat individuals with mental, emotional, or substance abuse problems, including abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and/or other drugs. Activities may include individual and group therapy, crisis intervention, case management, client advocacy, prevention, and education.

  • Mental Health Counselors

    Counsel with emphasis on prevention. Work with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental health. May help individuals deal with addictions and substance abuse; family, parenting, and marital problems; suicide; stress management; problems with self-esteem; and issues associated with aging and mental and emotional health.

  • Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers

    Plan and erect commercial displays, such as those in windows and interiors of retail stores and at trade exhibitions.

  • Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other

    All metalworkers and plastic workers not listed separately.

  • Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel.

  • Meter Readers, Utilities

    Read meter and record consumption of electricity, gas, water, or steam.

  • Methane/Landfill Gas Collection System Operators

    Direct daily operations, maintenance, or repair of landfill gas projects, including maintenance of daily logs, determination of service priorities, and compliance with reporting requirements.

  • Methane/Landfill Gas Generation System Technicians

    Monitor, operate, and maintain landfill gas collection system components and environmental monitoring and control systems.

  • Microbiologists

    Investigate the growth, structure, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Includes medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.

  • Microsystems Engineers

    Apply knowledge of electronic and mechanical engineering theory and methods, as well as specialized manufacturing technologies, to design and develop microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices.

  • Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education

    Teach students in public or private schools in one or more subjects at the middle, intermediate, or junior high level, which falls between elementary and senior high school as defined by applicable State laws and regulations.

  • Midwives

    Provide prenatal care and childbirth assistance.

  • Military Enlisted Tactical Operations and Air/Weapons Specialists and Crew Members, All Other

    All military enlisted tactical operations and air/weapons specialists and crewmembers not listed separately.

  • Military Officer Special and Tactical Operations Leaders/Managers, All Other

    All military officer special and tactical operations leaders/managers not listed separately.

  • Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend milling or planing machines to mill, plane, shape, groove, or profile metal or plastic work pieces.

  • Millwrights

    Install, dismantle, or move machinery and heavy equipment according to layout plans, blueprints, or other drawings.

  • Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators

    Operate machinery--such as longwall shears, plows, and cutting machines--to cut or channel along the face or seams of coal mines, stone quarries, or other mining surfaces to facilitate blasting, separating, or removing minerals or materials from mines or from the earth's surface.

  • Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers

    Determine the location and plan the extraction of coal, metallic ores, nonmetallic minerals, and building materials, such as stone and gravel. Work involves conducting preliminary surveys of deposits or undeveloped mines and planning their development; examining deposits or mines to determine whether they can be worked at a profit; making geological and topographical surveys; evolving methods of mining best suited to character, type, and size of deposits; and supervising mining operations.

  • Mining Machine Operators, All Other

    All mining machine operators not listed separately.

  • Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines to mix or blend materials, such as chemicals, tobacco, liquids, color pigments, or explosive ingredients.

  • Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines

    Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul mobile mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic equipment, such as cranes, bulldozers, graders, and conveyors, used in construction, logging, and surface mining.

  • Model Makers, Metal and Plastic

    Set up and operate machines, such as lathes, milling and engraving machines, and jig borers to make working models of metal or plastic objects.

  • Model Makers, Wood

    Construct full-size and scale wooden precision models of products. Includes wood jig builders and loft workers.

  • Models

    Model garments and other apparel to display clothing before prospective buyers at fashion shows, private showings, retail establishments, or photographer. May pose for photos to be used for advertising purposes. May pose as subject for paintings, sculptures, and other types of artistic expression.

  • Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic

    Mold, shape, form, cast, or carve products such as food products, figurines, tile, pipes, and candles consisting of clay, glass, plaster, concrete, stone, or combinations of materials.

  • Molding and Casting Workers

    Perform a variety of duties such as mixing materials, assembling mold parts, filling molds, and stacking molds to mold and cast a wide range of products.

  • Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend metal or plastic molding, casting, or coremaking machines to mold or cast metal or thermoplastic parts or products.

  • Molecular and Cellular Biologists

    Research and study cellular molecules and organelles to understand cell function and organization.

  • Motion Picture Projectionists

    Set up and operate motion picture projection and related sound reproduction equipment.

  • Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other

    All motor vehicle operators not listed separately.

  • Motorboat Mechanics

    Repairs and adjusts electrical and mechanical equipment of gasoline or diesel powered inboard or inboard-outboard boat engines.

  • Motorboat Operators

    Operate small motor-driven boats to carry passengers and freight between ships, or ship to shore. May patrol harbors and beach areas. May assist in navigational activities.

  • Motorcycle Mechanics

    Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul motorcycles, scooters, mopeds, dirt bikes, or similar motorized vehicles.

  • Multi-Media Artists and Animators

    Create special effects, animation, or other visual images using film, video, computers, or other electronic tools and media for use in products or creations, such as computer games, movies, music videos, and commercials.

  • Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend more than one type of cutting or forming machine tool or robot.

  • Municipal Clerks

    Draft agendas and bylaws for town or city council; record minutes of council meetings; answer official correspondence; keep fiscal records and accounts; and prepare reports on civic needs.

  • Municipal Fire Fighters

    Control and extinguish municipal fires, protect life and property and conduct rescue efforts.

  • Municipal Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors

    Supervise fire fighters who control and extinguish municipal fires, protect life and property, and conduct rescue efforts.

  • Museum Technicians and Conservators

    Prepare specimens, such as fossils, skeletal parts, lace, and textiles, for museum collection and exhibits. May restore documents or install, arrange, and exhibit materials.

  • Music Composers and Arrangers

    Write and transcribe musical scores.

  • Music Directors

    Direct and conduct instrumental or vocal performances by musical groups, such as orchestras or choirs.

  • Music Directors and Composers

    Conduct, direct, plan, and lead instrumental or vocal performances by musical groups, such as orchestras, choirs, and glee clubs. Includes arrangers, composers, choral directors, and orchestrators.

  • Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners

    Repair percussion, stringed, reed, or wind instruments. May specialize in one area, such as piano tuning.

  • Musicians and Singers

    Play one or more musical instruments or entertain by singing songs in recital, in accompaniment, or as a member of an orchestra, band, or other musical group. Musical performers may entertain on-stage, radio, TV, film, video, or record in studios.

  • Musicians, Instrumental

    Play one or more musical instruments in recital, in accompaniment, or as members of an orchestra, band, or other musical group.

  • Nannies

    Care for children in private households and provide support and expertise to parents in satisfying children's physical, emotional, intellectual, and social needs. Duties may include meal planning and preparation, laundry and clothing care, organization of play activities and outings, discipline, intellectual stimulation, language activities, and transportation.

  • Nanosystems Engineers

    Design, develop, and supervise the production of materials, devices, and systems of unique molecular or macromolecular composition, applying principles of nanoscale physics and electrical, chemical, and biological engineering.

  • Nanotechnology Engineering Technicians

    Operate commercial-scale production equipment to produce, test, and modify materials, devices, and systems of molecular or macromolecular composition. Work under the supervision of engineering staff.

  • Nanotechnology Engineering Technologists

    Implement production processes for nanoscale designs to produce and modify materials, devices, and systems of unique molecular or macromolecular composition. Operate advanced microscopy equipment to manipulate nanoscale objects. Work under the supervision of engineering staff.

  • Natural Sciences Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics, statistics, and research and development in these fields.

  • Naturopathic Physicians

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases using a system of practice that is based on the natural healing capacity of individuals. May use physiological, psychological or mechanical methods. May also use natural medicines, prescription or legend drugs, foods, herbs, or other natural remedies.

  • Network and Computer Systems Administrators

    Install, configure, and support an organization's local area network (LAN), wide area network (WAN), and Internet system or a segment of a network system. Maintain network hardware and software. Monitor network to ensure network availability to all system users and perform necessary maintenance to support network availability. May supervise other network support and client server specialists and plan, coordinate, and implement network security measures.

  • Network Designers

    Determine user requirements and design specifications for computer networks. Plan and implement network upgrades.

  • Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts

    Analyze, design, test, and evaluate network systems, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), Internet, intranet, and other data communications systems. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning. Research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software. Includes telecommunications specialists who deal with the interfacing of computer and communications equipment. May supervise computer programmers.

  • Neurologists

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and disorders of the nervous system.

  • Neuropsychologists and Clinical Neuropsychologists

    Apply theories and principles of neuropsychology to diagnose and treat disorders of higher cerebral functioning.

  • New Accounts Clerks

    Interview persons desiring to open bank accounts. Explain banking services available to prospective customers and assist them in preparing application form.

  • Non-Destructive Testing Specialists

    Test the safety of structures, vehicles, or vessels using x-ray, ultrasound, fiber optic or related equipment.

  • Nonfarm Animal Caretakers

    Feed, water, groom, bathe, exercise, or otherwise care for pets and other nonfarm animals, such as dogs, cats, ornamental fish or birds, zoo animals, and mice. Work in settings such as kennels, animal shelters, zoos, circuses, and aquariums. May keep records of feedings, treatments, and animals received or discharged. May clean, disinfect, and repair cages, pens, or fish tanks.

  • Nuclear Engineers

    Conduct research on nuclear engineering problems or apply principles and theory of nuclear science to problems concerned with release, control, and utilization of nuclear energy and nuclear waste disposal.

  • Nuclear Equipment Operation Technicians

    Operate equipment used for the release, control, and utilization of nuclear energy to assist scientists in laboratory and production activities.

  • Nuclear Medicine Physicians

    Diagnose and treat diseases using radioactive materials and techniques. May monitor radionuclide preparation, administration, and disposition.

  • Nuclear Medicine Technologists

    Prepare, administer, and measure radioactive isotopes in therapeutic, diagnostic, and tracer studies utilizing a variety of radioisotope equipment. Prepare stock solutions of radioactive materials and calculate doses to be administered by radiologists. Subject patients to radiation. Execute blood volume, red cell survival, and fat absorption studies following standard laboratory techniques.

  • Nuclear Monitoring Technicians

    Collect and test samples to monitor results of nuclear experiments and contamination of humans, facilities, and environment.

  • Nuclear Power Reactor Operators

    Control nuclear reactors.

  • Nuclear Technicians

    Assist scientists in both laboratory and production activities by performing technical tasks involving nuclear physics, primarily in operation, maintenance, production, and quality control support activities.

  • Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers

    Develop programs to control machining or processing of parts by automatic machine tools, equipment, or systems.

  • Nurse Anesthetists

    Administer anesthetics to induce total or partial loss of sensation or consciousness in patients during surgeries, births or other medical and dental procedures.

  • Nurse Midwives

    Provide advanced nursing care and education to obstetrical and gynecological patients.

  • Nurse Practitioners

    Provide advanced nursing care and treatment to patients. Perform physical examinations, order diagnostic tests, develop treatment plans and prescribe drugs or other therapies.

  • Nursery and Greenhouse Managers

    Plan, organize, direct, control, and coordinate activities of workers engaged in propagating, cultivating, and harvesting horticultural specialties, such as trees, shrubs, flowers, mushrooms, and other plants.

  • Nursery Workers

    Work in nursery facilities or at customer location planting, cultivating, harvesting, and transplanting trees, shrubs, or plants.

  • Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants

    Provide basic patient care under direction of nursing staff. Perform duties, such as feed, bathe, dress, groom, or move patients, or change linens.

  • Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary

    Demonstrate and teach patient care in classroom and clinical units to nursing students. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.

  • Obstetricians and Gynecologists

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases of women, especially those affecting the reproductive system and the process of childbirth.

  • Occupational Health and Safety Specialists

    Review, evaluate, and analyze work environments and design programs and procedures to control, eliminate, and prevent disease or injury caused by chemical, physical, and biological agents or ergonomic factors. May conduct inspections and enforce adherence to laws and regulations governing the health and safety of individuals. May be employed in the public or private sector.

  • Occupational Health and Safety Technicians

    Collect data on work environments for analysis by occupational health and safety specialists. Implement and conduct evaluation of programs designed to limit chemical, physical, biological, and ergonomic risks to workers.

  • Occupational Therapist Aides

    Under close supervision of an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant, perform only delegated, selected, or routine tasks in specific situations. These duties include preparing patient and treatment room.

  • Occupational Therapist Assistants

    Assist occupational therapists in providing occupational therapy treatments and procedures. May, in accordance with State laws, assist in development of treatment plans, carry out routine functions, direct activity programs, and document the progress of treatments. Generally requires formal training.

  • Occupational Therapists

    Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that help restore vocational, homemaking, and daily living skills, as well as general independence, to disabled persons.

  • Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other

    All office and administrative support workers not listed separately.

  • Office Clerks, General

    Perform duties too varied and diverse to be classified in any specific office clerical occupation, requiring limited knowledge of office management systems and procedures. Clerical duties may be assigned in accordance with the office procedures of individual establishments and may include a combination of answering telephones, bookkeeping, typing or word processing, stenography, office machine operation, and filing.

  • Office Machine Operators, Except Computer

    Operate one or more of a variety of office machines, such as photocopying, photographic, and duplicating machines, or other office machines.

  • Online Merchants

    Plan, direct, or coordinate retail activities of businesses operating online. May perform duties such as preparing business strategies, buying merchandise, managing inventory, implementing marketing activities, fulfilling and shipping online orders, and balancing financial records.

  • Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators

    Operate one or several types of power construction equipment, such as motor graders, bulldozers, scrapers, compressors, pumps, derricks, shovels, tractors, or front-end loaders to excavate, move, and grade earth, erect structures, or pour concrete or other hard surface pavement. May repair and maintain equipment in addition to other duties.

  • Operations Research Analysts

    Formulate and apply mathematical modeling and other optimizing methods using a computer to develop and interpret information that assists management with decision making, policy formulation, or other managerial functions. May develop related software, service, or products. Frequently concentrates on collecting and analyzing data and developing decision support software. May develop and supply optimal time, cost, or logistics networks for program evaluation, review, or implementation.

  • Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians

    Cut, grind, and polish eyeglasses, contact lenses, or other precision optical elements. Assemble and mount lenses into frames or process other optical elements.

  • Ophthalmic Medical Technologists and Technicians

    Conduct diagnostic tests such as central and peripheral visual field, ocular motility, color vision, or pharmacological pupil tests; or tonometry, tonography and tensilon tonography tests to determine intraocular pressure and pupil testing for size, equality and reaction prior to dilation.

  • Ophthalmologists

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries of the eyes and related structures.

  • Opticians, Dispensing

    Design, measure, fit, and adapt lenses and frames for client according to written optical prescription or specification. Assist client with selecting frames. Measure customer for size of eyeglasses and coordinate frames with facial and eye measurements and optical prescription. Prepare work order for optical laboratory containing instructions for grinding and mounting lenses in frames. Verify exactness of finished lens spectacles. Adjust frame and lens position to fit client. May shape or reshape frames.

  • Optometrists

    Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.

  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

    Perform surgery on mouth, jaws, and related head and neck structure to execute difficult and multiple extractions of teeth, to remove tumors and other abnormal growths, to correct abnormal jaw relations by mandibular or maxillary revision, to prepare mouth for insertion of dental prosthesis, or to treat fractured jaws.

  • Order Clerks

    Receive and process incoming orders for materials, merchandise, classified ads, or services such as repairs, installations, or rental of facilities. Duties include informing customers of receipt, prices, shipping dates, and delays; preparing contracts; and handling complaints.

  • Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales

    Fill customers' mail and telephone orders from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips or order forms. Duties include computing prices of items, completing order receipts, keeping records of out-going orders, and requisitioning additional materials, supplies, and equipment.

  • Orthodontists

    Examine, diagnose, and treat dental malocclusions and oral cavity anomalies. Design and fabricate appliances to realign teeth and jaws to produce and maintain normal function and to improve appearance.

  • Orthoptists

    Diagnose and treat visual system disorders such as binocular vision and eye movement impairments.

  • Orthotists and Prosthetists

    Assist patients with disabling conditions of limbs and spine or with partial or total absence of limb by fitting and preparing orthopedic braces or prostheses.

  • Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics

    Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul small engines used to power lawn mowers, chain saws, and related equipment.

  • Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend machines to prepare industrial or consumer products for storage or shipment. Includes cannery workers who pack food products.

  • Packers and Packagers, Hand

    Pack or package by hand a wide variety of products and materials.

  • Painters, Construction and Maintenance

    Paint walls, equipment, buildings, bridges, and other structural surfaces, using brushes, rollers, and spray guns. May remove old paint to prepare surface prior to painting. May mix colors or oils to obtain desired color or consistency.

  • Painters, Transportation Equipment

    Operate or tend painting machines to paint surfaces of transportation equipment, such as automobiles, buses, trucks, trains, boats, and airplanes.

  • Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers

    Paint, coat, or decorate articles, such as furniture, glass, plateware, pottery, jewelry, cakes, toys, books, or leather.

  • Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend paper goods machines that perform a variety of functions, such as converting, sawing, corrugating, banding, wrapping, boxing, stitching, forming, or sealing paper or paperboard sheets into products.

  • Paperhangers

    Cover interior walls and ceilings of rooms with decorative wallpaper or fabric, or attach advertising posters on surfaces, such as walls and billboards. Duties include removing old materials from surface to be papered.

  • Paralegals and Legal Assistants

    Assist lawyers by researching legal precedent, investigating facts, or preparing legal documents. Conduct research to support a legal proceeding, to formulate a defense, or to initiate legal action.

  • Park Naturalists

    Plan, develop, and conduct programs to inform public of historical, natural, and scientific features of national, state, or local park.

  • Parking Enforcement Workers

    Patrol assigned area, such as public parking lot or section of city to issue tickets to overtime parking violators and illegally parked vehicles.

  • Parking Lot Attendants

    Park automobiles or issue tickets for customers in a parking lot or garage. May collect fee.

  • Parts Salespersons

    Sell spare and replacement parts and equipment in repair shop or parts store.

  • Pathologists

    Diagnose presence and stage of diseases using laboratory techniques and patient specimens. Study the nature, cause, and development of diseases. May perform autopsies.

  • Patient Representatives

    Assist patients in obtaining services, understanding policies and making health care decisions.

  • Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic

    Lay out, machine, fit, and assemble castings and parts to metal or plastic foundry patterns, core boxes, or match plates.

  • Patternmakers, Wood

    Plan, lay out, and construct wooden unit or sectional patterns used in forming sand molds for castings.

  • Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators

    Operate equipment used for applying concrete, asphalt, or other materials to road beds, parking lots, or airport runways and taxiways, or equipment used for tamping gravel, dirt, or other materials. Includes concrete and asphalt paving machine operators, form tampers, tamping machine operators, and stone spreader operators.

  • Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks

    Compile and post employee time and payroll data. May compute employees' time worked, production, and commission. May compute and post wages and deductions. May prepare paychecks.

  • Pediatricians, General

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent children's diseases and injuries.

  • Personal and Home Care Aides

    Assist elderly or disabled adults with daily living activities at the person's home or in a daytime non-residential facility. Duties performed at a place of residence may include keeping house (making beds, doing laundry, washing dishes) and preparing meals. May provide meals and supervised activities at non-residential care facilities. May advise families, the elderly, and disabled on such things as nutrition, cleanliness, and household utilities.

  • Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other

    All personal care and service workers not listed separately.

  • Personal Financial Advisors

    Advise clients on financial plans utilizing knowledge of tax and investment strategies, securities, insurance, pension plans, and real estate. Duties include assessing clients' assets, liabilities, cash flow, insurance coverage, tax status, and financial objectives to establish investment strategies.

  • Personnel Recruiters

    Seek out, interview, and screen applicants to fill existing and future job openings and promote career opportunities within an organization.

  • Pest Control Workers

    Spray or release chemical solutions or toxic gases and set traps to kill pests and vermin, such as mice, termites, and roaches, that infest buildings and surrounding areas.

  • Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation

    Mix or apply pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, or insecticides through sprays, dusts, vapors, soil incorporation or chemical application on trees, shrubs, lawns, or botanical crops. Usually requires specific training and State or Federal certification.

  • Petroleum Engineers

    Devise methods to improve oil and gas well production and determine the need for new or modified tool designs. Oversee drilling and offer technical advice to achieve economical and satisfactory progress.

  • Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers

    Control the operation of petroleum refining or processing units. May specialize in controlling manifold and pumping systems, gauging or testing oil in storage tanks, or regulating the flow of oil into pipelines.

  • Pharmacists

    Compound and dispense medications following prescriptions issued by physicians, dentists, or other authorized medical practitioners.

  • Pharmacy Aides

    Record drugs delivered to the pharmacy, store incoming merchandise, and inform the supervisor of stock needs. May operate cash register and accept prescriptions for filling.

  • Pharmacy Technicians

    Prepare medications under the direction of a pharmacist. May measure, mix, count out, label, and record amounts and dosages of medications.

  • Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in philosophy, religion, and theology.

  • Photographers

    Photograph persons, subjects, merchandise, or other commercial products. May develop negatives and produce finished prints.

  • Photographic Process Workers

    Perform precision work involved in photographic processing, such as editing photographic negatives and prints, using photo-mechanical, chemical, or computerized methods.

  • Photographic Processing Machine Operators

    Operate photographic processing machines, such as photographic printing machines, film developing machines, and mounting presses.

  • Photonics Engineers

    Apply knowledge of engineering and mathematical theory and methods to design technologies specializing in light information and light energy.

  • Photonics Technicians

    Build, install, test, and maintain optical and fiber optic equipment such as lasers, lenses and mirrors using spectrometers, interferometers, or related equipment.

  • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Physicians

    Diagnose and treat disorders requiring physiotherapy to provide physical, mental, and occupational rehabilitation.

  • Physical Scientists, All Other

    All physical scientists not listed separately.

  • Physical Therapist Aides

    Under close supervision of a physical therapist or physical therapy assistant, perform only delegated, selected, or routine tasks in specific situations. These duties include preparing the patient and the treatment area.

  • Physical Therapist Assistants

    Assist physical therapists in providing physical therapy treatments and procedures. May, in accordance with State laws, assist in the development of treatment plans, carry out routine functions, document the progress of treatment, and modify specific treatments in accordance with patient status and within the scope of treatment plans established by a physical therapist. Generally requires formal training.

  • Physical Therapists

    Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and decrease or prevent deformity of patients suffering from disease or injury.

  • Physician Assistants

    Provide healthcare services typically performed by a physician, under the supervision of a physician. Conduct complete physicals, provide treatment, and counsel patients. May, in some cases, prescribe medication. Must graduate from an accredited educational program for physician assistants.

  • Physicians and Surgeons, All Other

    All physicians and surgeons not listed separately.

  • Physicists

    Conduct research into the phases of physical phenomena, develop theories and laws on the basis of observation and experiments, and devise methods to apply laws and theories to industry and other fields.

  • Physics Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses pertaining to the laws of matter and energy. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.

  • Pile-Driver Operators

    Operate pile drivers mounted on skids, barges, crawler treads, or locomotive cranes to drive pilings for retaining walls, bulkheads, and foundations of structures, such as buildings, bridges, and piers.

  • Pilots, Ship

    Command ships to steer them into and out of harbors, estuaries, straits, and sounds, and on rivers, lakes, and bays. Must be licensed by U.S. Coast Guard with limitations indicating class and tonnage of vessels for which license is valid and route and waters that may be piloted.

  • Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters

    Lay out, assemble, install, and maintain pipe systems, pipe supports, and related hydraulic and pneumatic equipment for steam, hot water, heating, cooling, lubricating, sprinkling, and industrial production and processing systems.

  • Pipelayers

    Lay pipe for storm or sanitation sewers, drains, and water mains. Perform any combination of the following tasks: grade trenches or culverts, position pipe, or seal joints.

  • Plant and System Operators, All Other

    All plant and system operators not listed separately.

  • Plasterers and Stucco Masons

    Apply interior or exterior plaster, cement, stucco, or similar materials. May also set ornamental plaster.

  • Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend plating or coating machines to coat metal or plastic products with chromium, zinc, copper, cadmium, nickel, or other metal to protect or decorate surfaces. Includes electrolytic processes.

  • Plumbers

    Assemble, install, and repair pipes, fittings, and fixtures of heating, water, and drainage systems, according to specifications and plumbing codes.

  • Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters

    Assemble, install, alter, and repair pipelines or pipe systems that carry water, steam, air, or other liquids or gases. May install heating and cooling equipment and mechanical control systems.

  • Podiatrists

    Diagnose and treat diseases and deformities of the human foot.

  • Poets, Lyricists and Creative Writers

    Create original written works, such as scripts, essays, prose, poetry or song lyrics, for publication or performance.

  • Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers

    Maintain order, enforce laws and ordinances, and protect life and property in an assigned patrol district. Perform combination of following duties: patrol a specific area on foot or in a vehicle; direct traffic; issue traffic summonses; investigate accidents; apprehend and arrest suspects, or serve legal processes of courts.

  • Police Detectives

    Conduct investigations to prevent crimes or solve criminal cases.

  • Police Identification and Records Officers

    Collect evidence at crime scene, classify and identify fingerprints, and photograph evidence for use in criminal and civil cases.

  • Police Patrol Officers

    Patrol assigned area to enforce laws and ordinances, regulate traffic, control crowds, prevent crime, and arrest violators.

  • Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers

    Receive complaints from public concerning crimes and police emergencies. Broadcast orders to police patrol units in vicinity of complaint to investigate. Operate radio, telephone, or computer equipment to receive reports of fires and medical emergencies and relay information or orders to proper officials.

  • Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in political science, international affairs, and international relations.

  • Political Scientists

    Study the origin, development, and operation of political systems. Research a wide range of subjects, such as relations between the United States and foreign countries, the beliefs and institutions of foreign nations, or the politics of small towns or a major metropolis. May study topics, such as public opinion, political decision making, and ideology. May analyze the structure and operation of governments, as well as various political entities. May conduct public opinion surveys, analyze election results, or analyze public documents.

  • Postal Service Clerks

    Perform any combination of tasks in a post office, such as receive letters and parcels; sell postage and revenue stamps, postal cards, and stamped envelopes; fill out and sell money orders; place mail in pigeon holes of mail rack or in bags according to State, address, or other scheme; and examine mail for correct postage.

  • Postal Service Mail Carriers

    Sort mail for delivery. Deliver mail on established route by vehicle or on foot.

  • Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators

    Prepare incoming and outgoing mail for distribution. Examine, sort, and route mail by State, type of mail, or other scheme. Load, operate, and occasionally adjust and repair mail processing, sorting, and canceling machinery. Keep records of shipments, pouches, and sacks; and other duties related to mail handling within the postal service. Must complete a competitive exam.

  • Postmasters and Mail Superintendents

    Direct and coordinate operational, administrative, management, and supportive services of a U.S. post office; or coordinate activities of workers engaged in postal and related work in assigned post office.

  • Postsecondary Teachers, All Other

    All postsecondary teachers not listed separately.

  • Potters, Manufacturing

    Operate production machines such as pug mill, jigger machine, or potter's wheel to process clay in manufacture of ceramic, pottery and stoneware products.

  • Pourers and Casters, Metal

    Operate hand-controlled mechanisms to pour and regulate the flow of molten metal into molds to produce castings or ingots.

  • Power Distributors and Dispatchers

    Coordinate, regulate, or distribute electricity or steam.

  • Power Plant Operators

    Control, operate, or maintain machinery to generate electric power. Includes auxiliary equipment operators.

  • Precious Metal Workers

    Cast, anneal, solder, hammer, or shape gold, silver, pewter or other metals to form jewelry or other metal items such as goblets or candlesticks.

  • Precision Agriculture Technicians

    Apply geospatial technologies, including geographic information systems (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS), to agricultural production and management activities, such as pest scouting, site-specific pesticide application, yield mapping, and variable-rate irrigation. May use computers to develop and analyze maps and remote sensing images to compare physical topography with data on soils, fertilizer, pests or weather.

  • Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other

    All precision instrument and equipment repairers not listed separately.

  • Prepress Technicians and Workers

    Set up and prepare material for printing presses.

  • Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education

    Instruct children (normally up to 5 years of age) in activities designed to promote social, physical, and intellectual growth needed for primary school in preschool, day care center, or other child development facility. May be required to hold State certification.

  • Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials

    Press or shape articles by hand or machine.

  • Preventive Medicine Physicians

    Apply knowledge of general preventive medicine and public health issues to promote health care to groups or individuals, and aid in the prevention or reduction of risk of disease, injury, disability, or death. May practice population-based medicine or diagnose and treat patients in the context of clinical health promotion and disease prevention.

  • Printing Machine Operators

    Set up or operate various types of printing machines, such as offset, letterset, intaglio, or gravure presses or screen printers to produce print on paper or other materials.

  • Private Detectives and Investigators

    Detect occurrences of unlawful acts or infractions of rules in private establishment, or seek, examine, and compile information for client.

  • Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists

    Provide social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on probation or parole. Make recommendations for actions involving formulation of rehabilitation plan and treatment of offender, including conditional release and education and employment stipulations.

  • Procurement Clerks

    Compile information and records to draw up purchase orders for procurement of materials and services.

  • Producers

    Plan and coordinate various aspects of radio, television, stage, or motion picture production, such as selecting script, coordinating writing, directing and editing, and arranging financing.

  • Producers and Directors

    Produce or direct stage, television, radio, video, or motion picture productions for entertainment, information, or instruction. Responsible for creative decisions, such as interpretation of script, choice of guests, set design, sound, special effects, and choreography.

  • Product Safety Engineers

    Develop and conduct tests to evaluate product safety levels and recommend measures to reduce or eliminate hazards.

  • Production Workers, All Other

    All production workers not listed separately.

  • Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks

    Coordinate and expedite the flow of work and materials within or between departments of an establishment according to production schedule. Duties include reviewing and distributing production, work, and shipment schedules; conferring with department supervisors to determine progress of work and completion dates; and compiling reports on progress of work, inventory levels, costs, and production problems.

  • Program Directors

    Direct and coordinate activities of personnel engaged in preparation of radio or television station program schedules and programs, such as sports or news.

  • Proofreaders and Copy Markers

    Read transcript or proof type setup to detect and mark for correction any grammatical, typographical, or compositional errors.

  • Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate selling, buying, leasing, or governance activities of commercial, industrial, or residential real estate properties.

  • Prosthodontists

    Construct oral prostheses to replace missing teeth and other oral structures to correct natural and acquired deformation of mouth and jaws, to restore and maintain oral function, such as chewing and speaking, and to improve appearance.

  • Protective Service Workers, All Other

    All protective service workers not listed separately.

  • Psychiatric Aides

    Assist mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients, working under direction of nursing and medical staff.

  • Psychiatric Technicians

    Care for mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed individuals, following physician instructions and hospital procedures. Monitor patients' physical and emotional well-being and report to medical staff. May participate in rehabilitation and treatment programs, help with personal hygiene, and administer oral medications and hypodermic injections.

  • Psychiatrists

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent disorders of the mind.

  • Psychologists, All Other

    All psychologists not listed separately.

  • Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in psychology, such as child, clinical, and developmental psychology, and psychological counseling.

  • Public Address System and Other Announcers

    Make announcements over loud speaker at sporting or other public events. May act as master of ceremonies or disc jockey at weddings, parties, clubs, or other gathering places.

  • Public Relations Managers

    Plan and direct public relations programs designed to create and maintain a favorable public image for employer or client; or if engaged in fundraising, plan and direct activities to solicit and maintain funds for special projects and nonprofit organizations.

  • Public Relations Specialists

    Engage in promoting or creating good will for individuals, groups, or organizations by writing or selecting favorable publicity material and releasing it through various communications media. May prepare and arrange displays, and make speeches.

  • Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers

    Tend, control, or operate power-driven, stationary, or portable pumps and manifold systems to transfer gases, oil, other liquids, slurries, or powdered materials to and from various vessels and processes.

  • Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products

    Purchase farm products either for further processing or resale.

  • Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products

    Purchase machinery, equipment, tools, parts, supplies, or services necessary for the operation of an establishment. Purchase raw or semi-finished materials for manufacturing.

  • Purchasing Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate the activities of buyers, purchasing officers, and related workers involved in purchasing materials, products, and services.

  • Quality Control Analysts

    Conduct tests to determine quality of raw materials, bulk intermediate and finished products. May conduct stability sample tests.

  • Quality Control Systems Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate quality assurance programs. Formulate quality control policies and control quality of laboratory and production efforts.

  • Radar and Sonar Technicians

    Operate equipment using radio or sound wave technology to identify, track, and analyze objects or natural phenomena of military interest. Includes airborne, shipboard, and terrestrial positions. May perform minor maintenance.

  • Radiation Therapists

    Provide radiation therapy to patients as prescribed by a radiologist according to established practices and standards. Duties may include reviewing prescription and diagnosis; acting as liaison with physician and supportive care personnel; preparing equipment, such as immobilization, treatment, and protection devices; and maintaining records, reports, and files. May assist in dosimetry procedures and tumor localization.

  • Radio and Television Announcers

    Talk on radio or television. May interview guests, act as master of ceremonies, read news flashes, identify station by giving call letters, or announce song title and artist.

  • Radio Frequency Identification Device Specialists

    Design and implement radio frequency identification device (RFID) systems used to track shipments or goods.

  • Radio Mechanics

    Test or repair mobile or stationary radio transmitting and receiving equipment and two-way radio communications systems used in ship-to-shore communications and found in service and emergency vehicles.

  • Radio Operators

    Receive and transmit communications using radiotelegraph or radiotelephone equipment in accordance with government regulations. May repair equipment.

  • Radiologic Technicians

    Maintain and use equipment and supplies necessary to demonstrate portions of the human body on x-ray film or fluoroscopic screen for diagnostic purposes.

  • Radiologic Technologists

    Take x-rays and Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT or CT) scans or administer nonradioactive materials into patient's blood stream for diagnostic purposes. Includes technologists who specialize in other modalities, such as computed tomography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance.

  • Radiologic Technologists and Technicians

    Take X-rays and CAT scans or administer nonradioactive materials into patient's blood stream for diagnostic purposes. Includes technologists who specialize in other modalities, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance. Includes workers whose primary duties are to demonstrate portions of the human body on X-ray film or fluoroscopic screen.

  • Radiologists

    Examine and diagnose disorders and diseases using x-rays and radioactive materials. May treat patients.

  • Rail Car Repairers

    Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul railroad rolling stock, mine cars, or mass transit rail cars.

  • Rail Transportation Workers, All Other

    All rail transportation workers not listed separately.

  • Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers

    Drive switching or other locomotive or dinkey engines within railroad yard, industrial plant, quarry, construction project, or similar location.

  • Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators

    Lay, repair, and maintain track for standard or narrow-gauge railroad equipment used in regular railroad service or in plant yards, quarries, sand and gravel pits, and mines. Includes ballast cleaning machine operators and road bed tamping machine operators.

  • Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators

    Operate railroad track switches. Couple or uncouple rolling stock to make up or break up trains. Signal engineers by hand or flagging. May inspect couplings, air hoses, journal boxes, and hand brakes.

  • Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters

    Conductors coordinate activities of train crew on passenger or freight train. Coordinate activities of switch-engine crew within yard of railroad, industrial plant, or similar location. Yardmasters coordinate activities of workers engaged in railroad traffic operations, such as the makeup or breakup of trains, yard switching, and review train schedules and switching orders.

  • Range Managers

    Research or study range land management practices to provide sustained production of forage, livestock, and wildlife.

  • Real Estate Brokers

    Operate real estate office, or work for commercial real estate firm, overseeing real estate transactions. Other duties usually include selling real estate or renting properties and arranging loans.

  • Real Estate Sales Agents

    Rent, buy, or sell property for clients. Perform duties, such as study property listings, interview prospective clients, accompany clients to property site, discuss conditions of sale, and draw up real estate contracts. Includes agents who represent buyer.

  • Receptionists and Information Clerks

    Answer inquiries and obtain information for general public, customers, visitors, and other interested parties. Provide information regarding activities conducted at establishment; location of departments, offices, and employees within organization.

  • Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses pertaining to recreation, leisure, and fitness studies, including exercise physiology and facilities management.

  • Recreation Workers

    Conduct recreation activities with groups in public, private, or volunteer agencies or recreation facilities. Organize and promote activities, such as arts and crafts, sports, games, music, dramatics, social recreation, camping, and hobbies, taking into account the needs and interests of individual members.

  • Recreational Therapists

    Plan, direct, or coordinate medically-approved recreation programs for patients in hospitals, nursing homes, or other institutions. Activities include sports, trips, dramatics, social activities, and arts and crafts. May assess a patient condition and recommend appropriate recreational activity.

  • Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians

    Diagnose, inspect, adjust, repair, or overhaul recreational vehicles including travel trailers. May specialize in maintaining gas, electrical, hydraulic, plumbing, or chassis/towing systems as well as repairing generators, appliances, and interior components.

  • Recycling and Reclamation Workers

    Prepare and sort materials or products for recycling. Identify and remove hazardous substances. Dismantle components of products such as appliances.

  • Recycling Coordinators

    Supervise curbside and drop-off recycling programs for municipal governments or private firms.

  • Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons

    Build or repair furnaces, kilns, cupolas, boilers, converters, ladles, soaking pits, ovens, etc., using refractory materials.

  • Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers

    Install and repair industrial and commercial refrigerating systems.

  • Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors

    Collect and dump refuse or recyclable materials from containers into truck. May drive truck.

  • Registered Nurses

    Assess patient health problems and needs, develop and implement nursing care plans, and maintain medical records. Administer nursing care to ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled patients. May advise patients on health maintenance and disease prevention or provide case management. Licensing or registration required. Includes advance practice nurses such as: nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, certified nurse midwives, and certified registered nurse anesthetists. Advanced practice nursing is practiced by RNs who have specialized formal, post-basic education and who function in highly autonomous and specialized roles.

  • Regulatory Affairs Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate production activities of an organization to ensure compliance with regulations and standard operating procedures.

  • Regulatory Affairs Specialists

    Coordinate and document internal regulatory processes, such as internal audits, inspections, license renewals or registrations. May compile and prepare materials for submission to regulatory agencies.

  • Rehabilitation Counselors

    Counsel individuals to maximize the independence and employability of persons coping with personal, social, and vocational difficulties that result from birth defects, illness, disease, accidents, or the stress of daily life. Coordinate activities for residents of care and treatment facilities. Assess client needs and design and implement rehabilitation programs that may include personal and vocational counseling, training, and job placement.

  • Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers

    Position and secure steel bars or mesh in concrete forms in order to reinforce concrete. Use a variety of fasteners, rod-bending machines, blowtorches, and hand tools.

  • Religious Workers, All Other

    All religious workers not listed separately.

  • Remote Sensing Scientists and Technologists

    Apply remote sensing principles and methods to analyze data and solve problems in areas such as natural resource management, urban planning, and homeland security. May develop new analytical techniques and sensor systems or develop new applications for existing systems.

  • Remote Sensing Technicians

    Apply remote sensing technologies to assist scientists in areas such as natural resources, urban planning, and homeland security. May prepare flight plans and sensor configurations for flight trips.

  • Reporters and Correspondents

    Collect and analyze facts about newsworthy events by interview, investigation, or observation. Report and write stories for newspaper, news magazine, radio, or television.

  • Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks

    Make and confirm reservations and sell tickets to passengers and for large hotel or motel chains. May check baggage and direct passengers to designated concourse, pier, or track; make reservations, deliver tickets, arrange for visas, contact individuals and groups to inform them of package tours, or provide tourists with travel information, such as points of interest, restaurants, rates, and emergency service.

  • Residential Advisors

    Coordinate activities for residents of boarding schools, college fraternities or sororities, college dormitories, or similar establishments. Order supplies and determine need for maintenance, repairs, and furnishings. May maintain household records and assign rooms. May refer residents to counseling resources if needed.

  • Respiratory Therapists

    Assess, treat, and care for patients with breathing disorders. Assume primary responsibility for all respiratory care modalities, including the supervision of respiratory therapy technicians. Initiate and conduct therapeutic procedures; maintain patient records; and select, assemble, check, and operate equipment.

  • Respiratory Therapy Technicians

    Provide specific, well defined respiratory care procedures under the direction of respiratory therapists and physicians.

  • Retail Salespersons

    Sell merchandise, such as furniture, motor vehicles, appliances, or apparel in a retail establishment.

  • Riggers

    Set up or repair rigging for construction projects, manufacturing plants, logging yards, ships and shipyards, or for the entertainment industry.

  • Risk Management Specialists

    Analyze and make decisions on risk management issues by identifying, measuring and managing operational and enterprise risks for an organization.

  • Robotics Engineers

    Research, design, develop, and test robotic applications.

  • Robotics Technicians

    Build, install, test, and maintain robotic equipment or related automated production systems.

  • Rock Splitters, Quarry

    Separate blocks of rough dimension stone from quarry mass using jackhammer and wedges.

  • Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

    Set up, operate, or tend machines to roll steel or plastic forming bends, beads, knurls, rolls, or plate or to flatten, temper, or reduce gauge of material.

  • Roof Bolters, Mining

    Operate machinery to install roof support bolts in underground mine.

  • Roofers

    Cover roofs of structures with shingles, slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, and related materials. May spray roofs, sidings, and walls with material to bind, seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures.

  • Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas

    Set up or operate a variety of drills to remove petroleum products from the earth and to find and remove core samples for testing during oil and gas exploration.

  • Rough Carpenters

    Build rough wooden structures, such as concrete forms, scaffolds, tunnel, bridge, or sewer supports, billboard signs, and temporary frame shelters, according to sketches, blueprints, or oral instructions.

  • Roustabouts, Oil and Gas

    Assemble or repair oil field equipment using hand and power tools. Perform other tasks as needed.

  • Sailors and Marine Oilers

    Stand watch to look for obstructions in path of vessel, measure water depth, turn wheel on bridge, or use emergency equipment as directed by captain, mate, or pilot. Break out, rig, overhaul, and store cargo-handling gear, stationary rigging, and running gear. Perform a variety of maintenance tasks to preserve the painted surface of the ship and to maintain line and ship equipment. Must hold government-issued certification and tankerman certification when working aboard liquid-carrying vessels.

  • Sales Agents, Financial Services

    Sell financial services, such as loan, tax, and securities counseling to customers of financial institutions and business establishments.

  • Sales Agents, Securities and Commodities

    Buy and sell securities in investment and trading firms and develop and implement financial plans for individuals, businesses, and organizations.

  • Sales and Related Workers, All Other

    All sales and related workers not listed separately.

  • Sales Engineers

    Sell business goods or services, the selling of which requires a technical background equivalent to a baccalaureate degree in engineering.

  • Sales Managers

    Direct the actual distribution or movement of a product or service to the customer. Coordinate sales distribution by establishing sales territories, quotas, and goals and establish training programs for sales representatives. Analyze sales statistics gathered by staff to determine sales potential and inventory requirements and monitor the preferences of customers.

  • Sales Representatives, Services, All Other

    All services sales representatives not listed separately.

  • Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products

    Sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers to businesses or groups of individuals. Work requires substantial knowledge of items sold.

  • Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products

    Sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers where technical or scientific knowledge is required in such areas as biology, engineering, chemistry, and electronics, normally obtained from at least 2 years of post-secondary education.

  • Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood

    Set up, operate, or tend wood sawing machines. Includes head sawyers.

  • School Psychologists

    Investigate processes of learning and teaching and develop psychological principles and techniques applicable to educational problems.

  • Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Vocational Education

    Instruct students in secondary public or private schools in one or more subjects at the secondary level, such as English, mathematics, or social studies. May be designated according to subject matter specialty, such as typing instructors, commercial teachers, or English teachers.

  • Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive

    Perform routine clerical and administrative functions such as drafting correspondence, scheduling appointments, organizing and maintaining paper and electronic files, or providing information to callers.

  • Securities and Commodities Traders

    Buy and sell securities and commodities to transfer debt, capital, or risk. Establish and negotiate unit prices and terms of sale.

  • Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents

    Buy and sell securities in investment and trading firms, or call upon businesses and individuals to sell financial services. Provide financial services, such as loan, tax, and securities counseling. May advise securities customers about such things as stocks, bonds, and market conditions.

  • Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers

    Install, program, maintain, and repair security and fire alarm wiring and equipment. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes.

  • Security Guards

    Guard, patrol, or monitor premises to prevent theft, violence, or infractions of rules.

  • Security Management Specialists

    Conduct security assessments for organizations, and design security systems and processes. May specialize in areas such as physical security, personnel security, and information security. May work in fields such as health care, banking, gaming, security engineering, or manufacturing.

  • Security Managers

    Direct an organization's security functions, including physical security and safety of employees, facilities, and assets.

  • Segmental Pavers

    Lay out, cut, and paste segmental paving units. Includes installers of bedding and restraining materials for the paving units.

  • Self-Enrichment Education Teachers

    Teach or instruct courses other than those that normally lead to an occupational objective or degree. Courses may include self-improvement, nonvocational, and nonacademic subjects. Teaching may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution.

  • Semiconductor Processors

    Perform any or all of the following functions in the manufacture of electronic semiconductors: load semiconductor material into furnace; saw formed ingots into segments; load individual segment into crystal growing chamber and monitor controls; locate crystal axis in ingot using x-ray equipment and saw ingots into wafers; clean, polish, and load wafers into series of special purpose furnaces, chemical baths, and equipment used to form circuitry and change conductive properties.

  • Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend continuous flow or vat-type equipment; filter presses; shaker screens; centrifuges; condenser tubes; precipitating, fermenting, or evaporating tanks; scrubbing towers; or batch stills. These machines extract, sort, or separate liquids, gases, or solids from other materials to recover a refined product. Includes dairy processing equipment operators.

  • Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners

    Clean and repair septic tanks, sewer lines, or drains. May patch walls and partitions of tank, replace damaged drain tile, or repair breaks in underground piping.

  • Service Station Attendants

    Service automobiles, buses, trucks, boats, and other automotive or marine vehicles with fuel, lubricants, and accessories. Collect payment for services and supplies. May lubricate vehicle, change motor oil, install antifreeze, or replace lights or other accessories, such as windshield wiper blades or fan belts. May repair or replace tires.

  • Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining

    Operate equipment to increase oil flow from producing wells or to remove stuck pipe, casing, tools, or other obstructions from drilling wells. May also perform similar services in mining exploration operations.

  • Set and Exhibit Designers

    Design special exhibits and movie, television, and theater sets. May study scripts, confer with directors, and conduct research to determine appropriate architectural styles.

  • Sewers, Hand

    Sew, join, reinforce, or finish, usually with needle and thread, a variety of manufactured items. Includes weavers and stitchers.

  • Sewing Machine Operators

    Operate or tend sewing machines to join, reinforce, decorate, or perform related sewing operations in the manufacture of garment or nongarment products.

  • Shampooers

    Shampoo and rinse customers' hair.

  • Sheet Metal Workers

    Fabricate, assemble, install, and repair sheet metal products and equipment, such as ducts, control boxes, drainpipes, and furnace casings. Work may involve any of the following: setting up and operating fabricating machines to cut, bend, and straighten sheet metal; shaping metal over anvils, blocks, or forms using hammer; operating soldering and welding equipment to join sheet metal parts; inspecting, assembling, and smoothing seams and joints of burred surfaces.

  • Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs

    Enforce law and order in rural or unincorporated districts or serve legal processes of courts. May patrol courthouse, guard court or grand jury, or escort defendants.

  • Ship and Boat Captains

    Command vessels in oceans, bays, lakes, rivers, and coastal waters.

  • Ship Engineers

    Supervise and coordinate activities of crew engaged in operating and maintaining engines, boilers, deck machinery, and electrical, sanitary, and refrigeration equipment aboard ship.

  • Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks

    Verify and keep records on incoming and outgoing shipments. Prepare items for shipment. Duties include assembling, addressing, stamping, and shipping merchandise or material; receiving, unpacking, verifying and recording incoming merchandise or material; and arranging for the transportation of products.

  • Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers

    Construct, decorate, or repair leather and leather-like products, such as luggage, shoes, and saddles.

  • Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend a variety of machines to join, decorate, reinforce, or finish shoes and shoe parts.

  • Shuttle Car Operators

    Operate diesel or electric-powered shuttle car in underground mine to transport materials from working face to mine cars or conveyor.

  • Signal and Track Switch Repairers

    Install, inspect, test, maintain, or repair electric gate crossings, signals, signal equipment, track switches, section lines, or intercommunications systems within a railroad system.

  • Singers

    Sing songs on stage, radio, television, or motion pictures.

  • Skin Care Specialists

    Provide skin care treatments to face and body to enhance an individual's appearance.

  • Slaughterers and Meat Packers

    Work in slaughtering, meat packing, or wholesale establishments performing precision functions involving the preparation of meat. Work may include specialized slaughtering tasks, cutting standard or premium cuts of meat for marketing, making sausage, or wrapping meats.

  • Slot Key Persons

    Coordinate/supervise functions of slot department workers to provide service to patrons. Handle and settle complaints of players. Verify and payoff jackpots. Reset slot machines after payoffs. Make minor repairs or adjustments to slot machines. Recommend removal of slot machines for repair. Report hazards and enforces safety rules.

  • Social and Community Service Managers

    Plan, organize, or coordinate the activities of a social service program or community outreach organization. Oversee the program or organization's budget and policies regarding participant involvement, program requirements, and benefits. Work may involve directing social workers, counselors, or probation officers.

  • Social and Human Service Assistants

    Assist professionals from a wide variety of fields, such as psychology, rehabilitation, or social work, to provide client services, as well as support for families. May assist clients in identifying available benefits and social and community services and help clients obtain them. May assist social workers with developing, organizing, and conducting programs to prevent and resolve problems relevant to substance abuse, human relationships, rehabilitation, or adult daycare.

  • Social Science Research Assistants

    Assist social scientists in laboratory, survey, and other social research. May perform publication activities, laboratory analysis, quality control, or data management. Normally these individuals work under the direct supervision of a social scientist and assist in those activities which are more routine.

  • Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary, All Other

    All postsecondary social sciences teachers not listed separately.

  • Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other

    All social scientists and related workers not listed separately.

  • Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in social work.

  • Social Workers, All Other

    All social workers not listed separately.

  • Sociologists

    Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.

  • Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach courses in sociology.

  • Software Quality Assurance Engineers and Testers

    Develop and execute software test plans in order to identify software problems and their causes.

  • Soil and Plant Scientists

    Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.

  • Soil and Water Conservationists

    Plan and develop coordinated practices for soil erosion control, soil and water conservation, and sound land use.

  • Solar Energy Installation Managers

    Direct work crews installing residential or commercial solar photovoltaic or thermal systems.

  • Solar Energy Systems Engineers

    Perform site-specific engineering analysis or evaluation of energy efficiency and solar projects involving residential, commercial, or industrial customers. Design solar domestic hot water and space heating systems for new and existing structures, applying knowledge of structural energy requirements, local climates, solar technology, and thermodynamics.

  • Solar Photovoltaic Installers

    Assemble, install, or maintain solar photovoltaic (PV) systems on roofs or other structures in compliance with site assessment and schematics. May include measuring, cutting, assembling, and bolting structural framing and solar modules. May perform minor electrical work such as current checks.

  • Solar Sales Representatives and Assessors

    Contact new or existing customers to determine their solar equipment needs, suggest systems or equipment, or estimate costs.

  • Solar Thermal Installers and Technicians

    Install or repair solar energy systems designed to collect, store, and circulate solar-heated water for residential, commercial or industrial use.

  • Solderers and Brazers

    Braze or solder together components to assemble fabricated metal parts, using soldering iron, torch, or welding machine and flux.

  • Sound Engineering Technicians

    Operate machines and equipment to record, synchronize, mix, or reproduce music, voices, or sound effects in sporting arenas, theater productions, recording studios, or movie and video productions.

  • Spa Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of a spa facility. Coordinate programs, schedule and direct staff, and oversee financial activities.

  • Special Education Teachers, Middle School

    Teach middle school subjects to educationally and physically handicapped students. Includes teachers who specialize and work with audibly and visually handicapped students and those who teach basic academic and life processes skills to the mentally impaired.

  • Special Education Teachers, Preschool, Kindergarten, and Elementary School

    Teach elementary and preschool school subjects to educationally and physically handicapped students. Includes teachers who specialize and work with audibly and visually handicapped students and those who teach basic academic and life processes skills to the mentally impaired.

  • Special Education Teachers, Secondary School

    Teach secondary school subjects to educationally and physically handicapped students. Includes teachers who specialize and work with audibly and visually handicapped students and those who teach basic academic and life processes skills to the mentally impaired.

  • Special Forces

    Implement unconventional operations by air, land, or sea during combat or peacetime as members of elite teams. These activities include offensive raids, demolitions, reconnaissance, search and rescue, and counterterrorism. In addition to their combat training, Special Forces members often have specialized training in swimming, diving, parachuting, survival, emergency medicine, and foreign languages. Duties include conducting advanced reconnaissance operations and collecting intelligence information; recruiting, training, and equipping friendly forces; conducting raids and invasions on enemy territories; laying and detonating explosives for demolition targets; locating, identifying, defusing, and disposing of ordnance; and operating and maintaining sophisticated communications equipment.

  • Special Forces Officers

    Lead elite teams that implement unconventional operations by air, land, or sea during combat or peacetime. These activities include offensive raids, demolitions, reconnaissance, search and rescue, and counterterrorism. In addition to their combat training, special forces officers often have specialized training in swimming, diving, parachuting, survival, emergency medicine, and foreign languages. Duties include directing advanced reconnaissance operations and evaluating intelligence information recruiting, training, and equipping friendly forces; leading raids and invasions on enemy territories; training personnel to implement individual missions and contingency plans; performing strategic and tactical planning for politically sensitive missions; and operating sophisticated communications equipment.

  • Speech-Language Pathologists

    Assess and treat persons with speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. May select alternative communication systems and teach their use. May perform research related to speech and language problems.

  • Speech-Language Pathology Assistants

    Assist speech-language pathologists in the assessment and treatment of speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. Implement speech and language programs or activities as planned and directed by speech-language pathologists. Monitor the use of alternative communication devices and systems.

  • Sports Medicine Physicians

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent injuries that occur during sporting events, athletic training, and physical activities.

  • Statement Clerks

    Prepare and distribute bank statements to customers, answer inquiries, and reconcile discrepancies in records and accounts.

  • Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators

    Operate or maintain stationary engines, boilers, or other mechanical equipment to provide utilities for buildings or industrial processes. Operate equipment, such as steam engines, generators, motors, turbines, and steam boilers.

  • Statistical Assistants

    Compile and compute data according to statistical formulas for use in statistical studies. May perform actuarial computations and compile charts and graphs for use by actuaries. Includes actuarial clerks.

  • Statisticians

    Engage in the development of mathematical theory or apply statistical theory and methods to collect, organize, interpret, and summarize numerical data to provide usable information. May specialize in fields, such as bio-statistics, agricultural statistics, business statistics, economic statistics, or other fields.

  • Stock Clerks and Order Fillers

    Receive, store, and issue sales floor merchandise, materials, equipment, and other items from stockroom, warehouse, or storage yard to fill shelves, racks, tables, or customers' orders. May mark prices on merchandise and set up sales displays.

  • Stock Clerks, Sales Floor

    Receive, store, and issue sales floor merchandise. Stock shelves, racks, cases, bins, and tables with merchandise and arrange merchandise displays to attract customers. May periodically take physical count of stock or check and mark merchandise.

  • Stock Clerks- Stockroom, Warehouse, or Storage Yard

    Receive, store, and issue materials, equipment, and other items from stockroom, warehouse, or storage yard. Keep records and compile stock reports.

  • Stone Cutters and Carvers, Manufacturing

    Cut or carve stone according to diagrams and patterns.

  • Stonemasons

    Build stone structures, such as piers, walls, and abutments. Lay walks, curbstones, or special types of masonry for vats, tanks, and floors.

  • Storage and Distribution Managers

    Plan, direct, and coordinate the storage and distribution operations within an organization or the activities of organizations that are engaged in storing and distributing materials and products.

  • Structural Iron and Steel Workers

    Raise, place, and unite iron or steel girders, columns, and other structural members to form completed structures or structural frameworks. May erect metal storage tanks and assemble prefabricated metal buildings.

  • Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters

    Fabricate, lay out, position, align, and fit parts of structural metal products.

  • Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors

    Counsel and advise individuals with alcohol, tobacco, drug, or other problems, such as gambling and eating disorders. May counsel individuals, families, or groups or engage in prevention programs.

  • Subway and Streetcar Operators

    Operate subway or elevated suburban train with no separate locomotive, or electric-powered streetcar to transport passengers. May handle fares.

  • Supply Chain Managers

    Direct, or coordinate production, purchasing, warehousing, distribution, or financial forecasting services and activities to limit costs and improve accuracy, customer service and safety. Examine existing procedures and opportunities for streamlining activities to meet product distribution needs. Direct the movement, storage, and processing of inventory.

  • Surgeons

    Treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive methods, such as manual manipulation or by using instruments and appliances.

  • Surgical Technologists

    Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel. May help set up operating room, prepare and transport patients for surgery, adjust lights and equipment, pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeon's assistants, hold retractors, cut sutures, and help count sponges, needles, supplies, and instruments.

  • Survey Researchers

    Design or conduct surveys. May supervise interviewers who conduct the survey in person or over the telephone. May present survey results to client.

  • Surveying and Mapping Technicians

    Perform surveying and mapping duties, usually under the direction of a surveyor, cartographer, or photogrammetrist to obtain data used for construction, mapmaking, boundary location, mining, or other purposes. May calculate mapmaking information and create maps from source data, such as surveying notes, aerial photography, satellite data, or other maps to show topographical features, political boundaries, and other features. May verify accuracy and completeness of topographical maps.

  • Surveying Technicians

    Adjust and operate surveying instruments, such as the theodolite and electronic distance-measuring equipment, and compile notes, make sketches and enter data into computers.

  • Surveyors

    Make exact measurements and determine property boundaries. Provide data relevant to the shape, contour, gravitation, location, elevation, or dimension of land or land features on or near the earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, mining, land evaluation, construction, and other purposes.

  • Sustainability Specialists

    Address organizational sustainability issues, such as waste stream management, green building practices, and green procurement plans.

  • Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service

    Operate telephone business systems equipment or switchboards to relay incoming, outgoing, and interoffice calls. May supply information to callers and record messages.

  • Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers

    Design, make, alter, repair, or fit garments.

  • Talent Directors

    Audition and interview performers to select most appropriate talent for parts in stage, television, radio, or motion picture productions.

  • Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders

    Load and unload chemicals and bulk solids, such as coal, sand, and grain into or from tank cars, trucks, or ships using material moving equipment. May perform a variety of other tasks relating to shipment of products. May gauge or sample shipping tanks and test them for leaks.

  • Tapers

    Seal joints between plasterboard or other wallboard to prepare wall surface for painting or papering.

  • Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents

    Determine tax liability or collect taxes from individuals or business firms according to prescribed laws and regulations.

  • Tax Preparers

    Prepare tax returns for individuals or small businesses but do not have the background or responsibilities of an accredited or certified public accountant.

  • Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs

    Drive automobiles, vans, or limousines to transport passengers. May occasionally carry cargo.

  • Teacher Assistants

    Perform duties that are instructional in nature or deliver direct services to students or parents. Serve in a position for which a teacher or another professional has ultimate responsibility for the design and implementation of educational programs and services.

  • Teachers and Instructors, All Other

    All teachers and instructors not listed separately.

  • Team Assemblers

    Work as part of a team having responsibility for assembling an entire product or component of a product. Team assemblers can perform all tasks conducted by the team in the assembly process and rotate through all or most of them rather than being assigned to a specific task on a permanent basis. May participate in making management decisions affecting the work. Team leaders who work as part of the team should be included.

  • Technical Directors/Managers

    Coordinate activities of technical departments, such as taping, editing, engineering, and maintenance, to produce radio or television programs.

  • Technical Writers

    Write technical materials, such as equipment manuals, appendices, or operating and maintenance instructions. May assist in layout work.

  • Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers

    Set-up, rearrange, or remove switching and dialing equipment used in central offices. Service or repair telephones and other communication equipment on customers' property. May install equipment in new locations or install wiring and telephone jacks in buildings under construction.

  • Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers

    String and repair telephone and television cable, including fiber optics and other equipment for transmitting messages or television programming.

  • Telecommunications Specialists

    Design or configure voice and data communications systems, supervise installation, and arrange for post-installation service and maintenance.

  • Telemarketers

    Solicit orders for goods or services over the telephone.

  • Telephone Operators

    Provide information by accessing alphabetical and geographical directories. Assist customers with special billing requests, such as charges to a third party and credits or refunds for incorrectly dialed numbers or bad connections. May handle emergency calls and assist children or people with physical disabilities to make telephone calls.

  • Tellers

    Receive and pay out money. Keep records of money and negotiable instruments involved in a financial institution's various transactions.

  • Terrazzo Workers and Finishers

    Apply a mixture of cement, sand, pigment, or marble chips to floors, stairways, and cabinet fixtures to fashion durable and decorative surfaces.

  • Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders

    Operate or tend machines to bleach, shrink, wash, dye, or finish textiles or synthetic or glass fibers.

  • Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines that cut textiles.

  • Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines that knit, loop, weave, or draw in textiles.

  • Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend machines that wind or twist textiles; or draw out and combine sliver, such as wool, hemp, or synthetic fibers.

  • Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other

    All textile, apparel, and furnishings workers not listed separately.

  • Therapists, All Other

    All therapists not listed separately.

  • Tile and Marble Setters

    Apply hard tile, marble, and wood tile to walls, floors, ceilings, and roof decks.

  • Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators

    Perform precision assembling or adjusting, within narrow tolerances, of timing devices, such as watches, clocks, or chronometers.

  • Tire Builders

    Operate machines to build tires from rubber components.

  • Tire Repairers and Changers

    Repair and replace tires.

  • Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers

    Search real estate records, examine titles, or summarize pertinent legal or insurance details for a variety of purposes. May compile lists of mortgages, contracts, and other instruments pertaining to titles by searching public and private records for law firms, real estate agencies, or title insurance companies.

  • Tool and Die Makers

    Analyze specifications, lay out metal stock, set up and operate machine tools, and fit and assemble parts to make and repair dies, cutting tools, jigs, fixtures, gauges, and machinists' hand tools.

  • Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners

    Perform precision smoothing, sharpening, polishing, or grinding of metal objects.

  • Tour Guides and Escorts

    Escort individuals or groups on sightseeing tours or through places of interest, such as industrial establishments, public buildings, and art galleries.

  • Traffic Technicians

    Conduct field studies to determine traffic volume, speed, effectiveness of signals, adequacy of lighting, and other factors influencing traffic conditions, under direction of traffic engineer.

  • Training and Development Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate the training and development activities and staff of an organization.

  • Training and Development Specialists

    Conduct training and development programs for employees.

  • Transit and Railroad Police

    Protect and police railroad and transit property, employees, or passengers.

  • Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters

    Provide services to ensure the safety and comfort of passengers aboard ships, buses, trains, or within the station or terminal. Perform duties, such as greeting passengers, explaining the use of safety equipment, serving meals or beverages, or answering questions related to travel.

  • Transportation Engineers

    Develop plans for surface transportation projects according to established engineering standards and state or federal construction policy. Prepare plans, estimates, or specifications to design transportation facilities. Plan alterations and modifications of existing streets, highways, or freeways to improve traffic flow.

  • Transportation Inspectors

    Inspect equipment or goods in connection with the safe transport of cargo or people. Includes rail transport inspectors, such as freight inspectors, car inspectors, rail inspectors, and other nonprecision inspectors of other types of transportation vehicles.

  • Transportation Managers

    Plan, direct, and coordinate the transportation operations within an organization or the activities of organizations that provide transportation services.

  • Transportation Planners

    Prepare studies for proposed transportation projects. Gather, compile, and analyze data. Study the use and operation of transportation systems. Develop transportation models or simulations.

  • Transportation Security Officers

    Inspect baggage or cargo and screen passengers to detect and prevent potentially dangerous objects from being transported into secure areas or onto aircraft.

  • Transportation Vehicle, Equipment and Systems Inspectors, Except Aviation

    Inspect and monitor transportation equipment, vehicles or systems to ensure compliance with regulations and safety standards.

  • Transportation Workers, All Other

    All transportation workers not listed separately.

  • Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers

    Plan, direct, or coordinate transportation, storage, or distribution activities in accordance with governmental policies and regulations.

  • Travel Agents

    Plan and sell transportation and accommodations for travel agency customers. Determine destination, modes of transportation, travel dates, costs, and accommodations required.

  • Travel Guides

    Plan, organize, and conduct long distance cruises, tours, and expeditions for individuals and groups.

  • Treasurers and Controllers

    Direct financial activities, such as planning, procurement, and investments for all or part of an organization.

  • Tree Trimmers and Pruners

    Cut away dead or excess branches from trees or shrubs to maintain right-of-way for roads, sidewalks, or utilities, or to improve appearance, health, and value of tree. Prune or treat trees or shrubs using handsaws, pruning hooks, sheers, and clippers. May use truck-mounted lifts and power pruners. May fill cavities in trees to promote healing and prevent deterioration.

  • Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer

    Drive a tractor-trailer combination or a truck with a capacity of at least 26,000 GVW, to transport and deliver goods, livestock, or materials in liquid, loose, or packaged form. May be required to unload truck. May require use of automated routing equipment. Requires commercial drivers' license.

  • Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services

    Drive a truck or van with a capacity of under 26,000 GVW, primarily to deliver or pick up merchandise or to deliver packages within a specified area. May require use of automatic routing or location software. May load and unload truck.

  • Tutors

    Provide non-classroom, academic instruction to students on an individual or small-group basis for proactive or remedial purposes.

  • Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

    Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations.

  • Upholsterers

    Make, repair, or replace upholstery for household furniture or transportation vehicles.

  • Urban and Regional Planners

    Develop comprehensive plans and programs for use of land and physical facilities of local jurisdictions, such as towns, cities, counties, and metropolitan areas.

  • Urologists

    Diagnose, treat, and help prevent benign and malignant medical and surgical disorders of the genitourinary system and the renal glands.

  • Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers

    Assist patrons at entertainment events by performing duties, such as collecting admission tickets and passes from patrons, assisting in finding seats, searching for lost articles, and locating such facilities as rest rooms and telephones.

  • Validation Engineers

    Design and plan protocols for equipment and processes to produce products meeting internal and external purity, safety, and quality requirements.

  • Veterinarians

    Diagnose and treat diseases and dysfunctions of animals. May engage in a particular function, such as research and development, consultation, administration, technical writing, sale or production of commercial products, or rendering of technical services to commercial firms or other organizations. Includes veterinarians who inspect livestock.

  • Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers

    Feed, water, and examine pets and other nonfarm animals for signs of illness, disease, or injury in laboratories and animal hospitals and clinics. Clean and disinfect cages and work areas, and sterilize laboratory and surgical equipment. May provide routine post-operative care, administer medication orally or topically, or prepare samples for laboratory examination under the supervision of veterinary or laboratory animal technologists or technicians, veterinarians, or scientists.

  • Veterinary Technologists and Technicians

    Perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. Prepare vaccines and serums for prevention of diseases. Prepare tissue samples, take blood samples, and execute laboratory tests, such as urinalysis and blood counts. Clean and sterilize instruments and materials and maintain equipment and machines.

  • Video Game Designers

    Design core features of video games. Specify innovative game and role-play mechanics, story lines, and character biographies. Create and maintain design documentation. Guide and collaborate with production staff to produce games as designed.

  • Vocational Education Teachers, Middle School

    Teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects at the middle school level.

  • Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary

    Teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects at the postsecondary level (but at less than the baccalaureate) to students who have graduated or left high school. Includes correspondence school instructors; industrial, commercial and government training instructors; and adult education teachers and instructors who prepare persons to operate industrial machinery and equipment and transportation and communications equipment. Teaching may take place in public or private schools whose primary business is education or in a school associated with an organization whose primary business is other than education.

  • Vocational Education Teachers, Secondary School

    Teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects at the secondary school level.

  • Waiters and Waitresses

    Take orders and serve food and beverages to patrons at tables in dining establishment.

  • Watch Repairers

    Repair, clean, and adjust mechanisms of timing instruments, such as watches and clocks.

  • Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators

    Operate or control an entire process or system of machines, often through the use of control boards, to transfer or treat water or liquid waste.

  • Water Resource Specialists

    Design or implement programs and strategies related to water resource issues such as supply, quality, and regulatory compliance issues.

  • Water/Wastewater Engineers

    Design or oversee projects involving provision of fresh water, disposal of wastewater and sewage, or prevention of flood-related damage. Prepare environmental documentation for water resources, regulatory program compliance, data management and analysis, and field work. Perform hydraulic modeling and pipeline design.

  • Weatherization Installers and Technicians

    Perform a variety of activities to weatherize homes and make them more energy efficient. Duties include repairing windows, insulating ducts, and performing heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) work. May perform energy audits and advise clients on energy conservation measures.

  • Web Administrators

    Manage web environment design, deployment, development and maintenance activities. Perform testing and quality assurance of web sites and web applications.

  • Web Developers

    Develop and design web applications and web sites. Create and specify architectural and technical parameters. Direct web site content creation, enhancement and maintenance.

  • Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping

    Weigh, measure, and check materials, supplies, and equipment for the purpose of keeping relevant records. Duties are primarily clerical by nature.

  • Welders, Cutters, and Welder Fitters

    Use hand-welding or flame-cutting equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products.

  • Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers

    Use hand-welding, flame-cutting, hand soldering, or brazing equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products.

  • Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

    Set up, operate, or tend welding, soldering, or brazing machines or robots that weld, braze, solder, or heat treat metal products, components, or assemblies.

  • Wellhead Pumpers

    Operate power pumps and auxiliary equipment to produce flow of oil or gas from wells in oil field.

  • Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products

    Buy merchandise or commodities, other than farm products, for resale to consumers at the wholesale or retail level, including both durable and nondurable goods. Analyze past buying trends, sales records, price, and quality of merchandise to determine value and yield. Select, order, and authorize payment for merchandise according to contractual agreements. May conduct meetings with sales personnel and introduce new products.

  • Wind Energy Engineers

    Design underground or overhead wind farm collector systems and prepare and develop site specifications.

  • Wind Energy Operations Managers

    Manage wind field operations, including personnel, maintenance activities, financial activities, and planning.

  • Wind Energy Project Managers

    Lead or manage the development and evaluation of potential wind energy business opportunities, including environmental studies, permitting, and proposals. May also manage construction of projects.

  • Wind Turbine Service Technicians

    Inspect, diagnose, adjust, or repair wind turbines. Perform maintenance on wind turbine equipment including resolving electrical, mechanical, and hydraulic malfunctions.

  • Woodworkers, All Other

    All woodworkers not listed separately.

  • Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing

    Set up, operate, or tend woodworking machines, such as drill presses, lathes, shapers, routers, sanders, planers, and wood nailing machines.

  • Word Processors and Typists

    Use word processor/computer or typewriter to type letters, reports, forms, or other material from rough draft, corrected copy, or voice recording. May perform other clerical duties as assigned.

  • Writers and Authors

    Originate and prepare written material, such as scripts, stories, advertisements, and other material.

  • Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists

    Study the origins, behavior, diseases, genetics, and life processes of animals and wildlife. May specialize in wildlife research and management, including the collection and analysis of biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water areas.

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News of Interest

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  • Tuesday, August 12, 2014 1:12 PM

    The Finance Authority of Maine (FAME) recently announced that the Client Select Series of the NextGen College Investing Plan® (NextGen) is now the nation’s second-largest advisor-sold Section 529 college savings plan, according to Strategic Insight, a mutual fund industry research firm.  Administered by FAME in conjunction with Program Manager Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, NextGen has over $8 billion in assets under management between the advisor-sold plan and the direct-sold plan as of June 30, 2014.

     

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  • Tuesday, June 10, 2014 9:37 AM

    Project participants to receive technical assistance and support to explore redesign of state student aid programs, helping to maximize impact of state aid programs and meet college enrollment and degree-attainment targets.

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